Time passed as simple netball rules became increasingly popular during the 20th century. Competitive ladies' England netball matches spread around the United Kingdom and elsewhere internationally.
Basic netball rules and positions allow two teams of seven outfield players dashing around the court using sharp shooting skills. They are masters of one handed passes and footwork coaching drills.
IFNA and England Netball regulations control and govern the game. It consists of four separate timed quarters lasting 15 minutes each.
Regulations of Netball
Aim of the Game Netball
In short, the simple object of netball is scoring more goals (often called baskets or hoops) than the opposite team within the allocated time frame.
The scoring system in netball, known as odds and evens, keeps track when shooters score (e.g. when the ball drops through the goal ring).
Starting and Restarting the Game
Players must be in their positions when starting and restarting the game in netball. That means being ready in their specific goal third (except the two Centre players).
There is no specific term used when starting a game of netball. But the first center pass starts the game after the umpire blows his whistle.
The Centre player who starts the game with the ball must have one foot (or both feet) inside the center circle. The other foot must not have contact with the ground outside of the circle if you only have one foot inside. Obey the usual netball footwork rule afterwards.
The opposing Centre player can stand anywhere inside the middle zone. They are free to move around the center third.
A Centre pass in netball must be at least touched (better if caught) by another player. That player must be inside, landing inside, or jumping into the Centre third.
Two center players take turns alternating the centre passes. This same regulation restarts the game anytime a team scores a goal.
New Rule Delaying Play
All players must quickly get onside following the netball centre pass. The Centre player in possession of the ball must hurry back to the centre circle and step straight inside.
Waiting for other players to get back onside is new netball terminology called 'delaying play'.
New netball rules and regulations came into force in 2018 and will result in the Centre receiving a caution. A penalty gets awarded with further advancement taken up the court. This new netball rule should speed up the game for everyone.
The match official signals (whistles) the start and finish of each quarter. The referee also blows the whistle each time a player scores a goal. Netball regulation play lasts for a total of 60 minutes, as a rule.
Netball rules allow a three minute break in-between each quarter. There is a five minute rest period at half time. The half time break occurs between the end of the second quarter and the beginning of the third.
Extra time is usually added on for injuries sustained during the match. But you cannot play more than two minutes of injury time under the official rules of netball UK.
The rules and regulations for netball say there must be one goal ring hoop positioned at each end of the court.
General Rules for Netball
What is the held ball ruling - also called 'replay or replayed ball in netball'?
The held ball rule states players receiving the net ball must shoot for goal or pass it within three seconds.
Players can bounce or bat the ball once, but only to gain control of it.
Another player must then touch or catch the ball to avoid the replay rule.
You cannot toss the ball into the air and then catch it again unless it touches another player.
As a general rule, there should be enough space for a third player between the hands of thrower and the catcher.
Note: Going offside in netball results in a free pass for the opposition taken within the same third.
Footwork Rule in Netball
What is footwork in netball? The netball footwork rule comes into play after catching the ball. At that moment you can land or stand on:
One foot - as the landing foot stays grounded. You can move the second foot anywhere any number of times while pivoting on the landing foot if you want to. But you must not re-ground it until you release the ball after you lift your landing foot.
Two feet (at the same time) - after one foot moves, the other gets ruled as the landing foot. The rules for playing netball prohibit hopping or dragging the landing foot.
New Rule Footwork in the Centre Circle
The new 2021 netball rules and regulations are now in full swing.
The regular footwork rule still applies in the centre circle.
The umpire should blow the whistle to start play after the Centre has placed one foot completely inside the centre circle.
The principle penalty infringements do not allow any of the following procedures:
Punching, kicking, rolling, or deliberately falling on the ball.
Passing the ball while sitting or kneeling on the court.
Using the goal post for support or to retain balance.
Throwing the net ball over a third without player interception.
Wandering outside your designated positional area.
What are the Rules of Netball Penalties?
The five chief penalty and infringement definitions are as follows:
The Free Pass
The Penalty Pass
The Penalty Pass or Shot
The Throw In
The Toss Up
Netball Throw In Rules (foul throw)
A ball out of court means it made contact with anything outside the court area. The exception would be the goalpost.
The ball gets thrown back into play from out of court. The throw should occur from the point where the ball went through the court boundary lines.
The player taking a throw in should place a foot up to (but not touching) the sideline or backline of the court. The rules state that the lines are part of the court area.
Making a foul throw is one of the fouls given in netball. No part of your foot can touch the line during the throw in.
You cannot step into the court while taking the throw in either. But, when you take the throw in at least one foot must be within 15 cm (6 inches) of the court line.
What if you want another player to take the throw in? You should not walk on to the court to pass the ball to another player. Leave the ball on the floor outside the court line for the other player to pick up.
You must throw the ball within 3 seconds of taking your position at the side of the court.
Wait until all players are back on the court before you take the throw in.
A throw in gets awarded to the opposing team if any of these fouls occur.
Netball Rule 7.2 Blood Policy
The rules and regulations in netball dictate that an additional role of netball umpires is to oversee and control the regulatory policies for blood wounds.
The policy calls for a maximum two minute stoppage time if the umpire observes blood on a player, on the ball, or anywhere else on the court. Three player revolving substitutions can replace injured or ill team mates.
Scoring in Netball
Only a Goal Scorer (GS) or Goal Attacker (GA) can legally score goals. They must be inside the circle when they receive the ball before shooting for the hoop.
Shooters or attackers score by throwing the net ball through the opponent's goal ring.
Important: The goal scorer must be completely inside the goal circle and the ball must pass all the way through the hoop.
Netball Umpires and Officials
All netball officials must be fully conversant with the role and responsibilities of umpires in controlling all aspects of the game.
It includes regulating the rules of player infringements, setting penalties, and the handling of any players who are deliberately delaying the game.
How to Win a Game of Netball?
The goal of netball is to score more points than your opposing team during an allotted time frame. Goals convert into points and the aim is to end the game with the most points (usually one hour per match).