FIFA Laws of the Game (LOTG) explain all the rules and regulations of football. Check out this summarised list of soccer rules and regulation to help you understand the action.
FOOTBALL REGULATIONS: Most people call it soccer outside the United Kingdom. Even so, FIFA football rules and regulations are synonymous with soccer rules.
The laws of football (association football) are the same as those used in the game of soccer. This guide focuses on explaining FIFA rules 2018.
Where do the rule descriptions and regulatory explanations derive from? In fact they come from the Fédération Internationale de Football Association.
FIFA is the international governing body of the laws of association football. They have established their headquarters in Switzerland since 1904.
FIFA has more than 200 members around the world. In 2013, the International Football Association Board (IFAB) comprised an updated 150-page rule book.
Full definitions of soccer regulations are available on the FIFA website. You can also read the unabridged version of FIFA rules and regulations PDF 2018/19 online.
Here's the deal:
Our first goal is to shoot you through the most important and basic rules and regulations in football. But, you can also check out the promoted football teams names A to Z. This will ensure you are match ready for the 2018/19 English Premier League (EPL) soccer season.
There is one simple aim of football. The triumphant team is the one which scores most goals at the end of play. Players score goals by kicking or heading the football ball into the goal net of the opposite team.
A field of play for soccer rules and regulations must be rectangular in shape. A playing surface should have clear and continuous marked boundary lines.
The field surface may be completely natural or it can be a green colored artificial surface. Some hybrid systems combine artificial and natural materials for the field of play.
The touchlines make up the two longest boundary lines of the rectangle. Whereas, the goal lines will form the two shorter boundary lines. The halfway line divides the field into two same-sized halves.
Note: The touchline length for international matches measures 100-110 metres and 64-75 metres for goal lines.
Some competition matches may use goal line technology. If so, the organisers of the competition must ensure the system meets the requirements and specifications of GLT.
FIFA football laws govern commercial advertising on the field of play. Further prohibitions also apply to logos and emblems. There must be a video operation room and at least one referee review area in football matches using VAR.
Note: The football equipment facts and facilities section has extra information. It covers the rules on GLT, VAR, logos, and commercial advertising.
The international standard on football ball weight and sizes comes from FIFA Law 2. Check the integrity required for all approved match balls used in association football games.
There are notable differences between the rules of American Football and English football regulations. One of the biggest contrasts is the shape of the Ball.
You play soccer with a spherical ball made from leather (or similar composite material). The circumference of the ball for official sanctioned matches must measure between 27 and 28 inches. It must also be correctly inflated to an appropriate pressure before the game begins.
Note: As a rule, soccer youth leagues use a smaller ball more appropriate for young children.
Players must wear a separate jersey and shorts (not one piece). They must also wear socks, shin guards, and boots (with studs or cleats for traction). Socks must completely cover the shin guards.
The referee may send a player off if he deems the soccer equipment to be unsafe or unsatisfactory.
A match gets played over two separate halves. Each half lasts 45 minutes of normal playing time with a fifteen (15) minute interval at half-time.
The opposite team restarts the game with a kick-off taken at the center of the halfway line if a team scores a goal.
Extra playing time is usually imposed at the referee's discretion for time lost due to injuries and substitutions.
The referee can extend the half if a player needs to take or retake a penalty kick. In most cases, an abandoned match would get replayed at a later date.
According to the rules of football UK, a goal results when the ball enters the goalmouth and crosses the goal line.
Law 12 and the goal rules directives on soccer govern FIFA rules on goal celebrations according to the official rule book of football.
According to the rules and regulations for football, the team which has scored the most goals once the game is over gets declared as the winner.
But, if the scores are equal at the end of play then the match is a draw. Some football competition rules allow extra time (30 minutes) or a penalty shootout competition to determine the winner.
The offside offence is a technical rule infraction in association football. A different section explains how the soccer offside rule ensures there are opponents between the attacking player receiving the ball and the goal.
A direct free kick gets awarded if a player commits any of these fouls:
The direct free kick results in a penalty kick if the offence gets committed by a player in their own penalty area.
An indirect free kick gets awarded if a player commits any of these fouls:
There are two categories of free kick - called 'direct' and 'indirect'. A player can take a direct free kick and aim it 'directly' into the opponent's goal.
Note: The ball is not required to make contact with another player beforehand with direct free kicks.
The referee will award a penalty kick if (either):
Note: According to football penalty rules players can score a direct goal when taking penalties as a spot kick.
A throw-in gets awarded when the possessing team plays the ball out of bounds over the touchline. While taking a throw-in, a player must (both):
If these conditions are not met, play gets stopped and results with a throw-in to the opposing team. Players are not allowed to score directly off a throw-in.
A goal kick gets awarded when the offensive team plays the ball out of bounds over the defensive team’s goal line.
After the ball is out of play, the defender or goalkeeper may place the ball anywhere within the six-yard goal box to kick the ball back into play.
A corner kick gets awarded to the offensive team when the defensive team plays the ball out of bounds over its goal line.
The ball gets placed within the corner area and kicked back into play by the offensive team. Players can score directly off a corner kick.
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