The main reasons for becoming an apprentice are to learn skills specific to a job, work alongside staff with more experience, and to earn a wage while you do so.
This section explains the different apprenticeship levels and what to expect from apprenticeships. Further topics cover pay conditions for apprentices and how to make an official complaint.
Apprenticeships have equivalent levels for educational purposes, with some offering an additional qualification (e.g. a diploma).
If you become an apprentice, you will have an opportunity to combine studying with hands-on practical training in a job.
You will work together and in cooperation with experienced staff who will help you gain job-specific skills. Besides earning a wage and getting holiday pay, you also get time to study topics related to your role in the workplace.
As a rule, you would get one day a week for studying and most apprenticeships take between one and five years to complete (depending on the level).
You can start an application to become an apprenticeship from the age of thirteen (i.e. the schooling years). But, the rules for becoming an apprentice in work, include:
Follow these three steps if you want to apply for an apprenticeship in England:
Note: You can get expert advice about writing applications and how to prepare for interviews from the helpline at the National Careers Service (details below).
A traineeship can help you prepare for an apprenticeship if you want to get more experience beforehand. You can find a traineeship in England using an online postcode search.
You will be able to ask for feedback if your application for an interview or apprenticeship is unsuccessful. You can also make a complaint to the apprenticeship helpline, such as if:
Telephone: 0800 015 0400
8am to 10pm (7 days a week)
Check UK call charges per minute.
Note: You can search the Register of Regulated Qualifications (RQF) to find out if it is officially recognised and what level it is. The guidelines for becoming an apprentice differ in Scotland and in Wales according to the way different organisations deal with apprenticeships.
You should get paid the National Minimum Wage (NMW) during your time served as an apprentice. Furthermore, you must receive the current minimum wage rates for apprentices (according to UK employment laws).
Note: The rates apply to apprentices who are under the age of nineteen (19) and for those aged 19 or over who are serving their first year of an apprenticeship.
The hours that apprentices are paid for must include (both):
Anyone who is completing an apprenticeship must get a minimum of twenty (20) days of paid holiday per year (plus UK bank holidays).
The National Careers Service helpline provides information and advice about careers, jobs, and training for teenagers (13+) in England.
They can also give you advice if the results of your exams were not as successful as you were expecting.
National Careers Service Helpline
Telephone: 0800 100 900
Text messages: 07766 413 219
Textphone: 0800 096 8336
Monday to Sunday: 8am to 10pm
Note: The helpline opens from A level results day through to the week after GCSE results day. You can also arrange for an adviser to call you instead (without charge) through their 'Telephone and Callback' service.
There is a set process to complain about an apprenticeship provider (e.g. a further education college). In serious cases, it may involve the Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA).
Get in touch with the National Apprenticeship Service if you want to offer a trainee some work experience as part of their traineeship (e.g. in your business).
As an employer, you have several responsibilities to meet when employing an apprentice, such as making an agreement and handling their pay and working conditions.
Note: Another section explains how the law treats employment rights and pay for interns and students in the workplace (e.g. work placement).
Apprenticeships Guide for United Kingdom