The United Kingdom remembers the deeds of Guy Fawkes on the 5th of November every year (Bonfire Night). So, what are the lesser known facts about Guy Fawkes and why do we remember him as a favourite villain?
In fact, there were 13 conspirators behind the famous gunpowder plot. But, it was Robert Catesby who masterminded it - not Guy Fawkes.
Robert Catesby was a Catholic. He was also someone distinguished for his reputation on speaking out against the English crown.
Even so, the notoriety fell on Guy Fawkes once the plot had failed. His role was to sneak into the cellar beneath the House of Lords and to ignite the explosives on November 5th 1605.
Guy Fawkes got caught red-handed with the gunpowder - all 36 barrels of it! In fact, he was the only conspirator captured by the King's men in the first few days.
Fawkes became one of the greatest enemies of the Protestant establishment. But, he was actually born into the faith. His maternal grandparents were defiant Catholics, refusing with recusancy to attend Protestant services.
He was eight years old when his father died in 1578. But, Fawkes converted to Catholicism as a teenager, after his widowed mother married a Catholic.
He was a committed Catholic by the age of 21. After selling the estate left to him by his father, Fawkes went on to fight for Catholic Spain in Europe. He fought against the Protestant Dutch republic during the Eighty Years War.
During his time abroad, he became known as 'Guido' - after adopting the Italian variant. It most likely was a vain attempt to appear more continental and strengthen his views on the Catholic faith.
He gave his name as 'John Johnson' after his initial capture by the King's men. The ensuing torture forced him to sign a confession of his role in the Gunpowder Plot. In fact, he signed his name as 'Guido Fawkes'.
There are few, if any, infamous villains in British history better remembered than Guy Fawkes. We have burned his effigy and celebrated his public demise for several centuries.
So, one of the lesser known and most interesting facts about Guy Fawkes is the island named after him. Yes, 'Isla Guy Fawkes' rests to the north-west of Santa Cruz Island in the Galapagos Islands.
It could qualify as one of the strangest old English laws not repealed.
But, the Houses of Parliament are still searched once a year. The search aims to ensure no conspirators are in hiding with barrels of explosives.
Of course, they didn't find any would-be conspirators hiding in the cellars (at the time of writing).
In actuality, the annual event takes place more as an English tradition - rather than a serious precaution for surviving a terrorist attack.
Fawkes tried to blow up a cellar, but it no longer exists. A severe fire that occurred in 1834 destroyed it. The same fire devastated the medieval Houses of Parliament.
Experts say the gunpowder used by Guy Fawkes would have done little damage to Parliament. The 36 barrels would have been enough to raze the building to the ground. Not to mention, the damage it would have caused to neighbouring buildings.
But, there are those that claim the gunpowder had 'decayed'. It is unlikely that it would have exploded 'properly' even if someone had ignited it.
The role of Guy fawkes in the Gunpowder Plot was to kill King James l along with as many members of parliament as possible.
Contrary to the misconception of many, Guy Fawkes did not die from a fate of being 'hung, drawn and quartered'. Yes, it was the traditional death bestowed on traitors in 17th-century England. Fawkes was to be hanged from the gallows, drawn, and then quartered in public.
But, it was not to be his fate:
Fawkes awaited the grisly punishment for his crime. He was to have his testicles cut off, his stomach opened up, and his guts spilled out over the gallows.
Instead, the infamous villain Guy Fawkes jumped to his death and died from a broken neck. They quartered his body in the end. As a stern warning to others, they sent his remains to all 'four corners of the kingdom'.
Guy Fawkes and his co-conspirators were tried for plotting against the King and Government. We commemorate the event each year using the following traditional saying:
"Remember, remember the fifth of November,
Gunpowder treason and plot.
We see no reason
Why gunpowder treason
Should ever be forgot!
Guy Fawkes, guy, t'was his intent
To blow up king and parliament.
Three score barrels were laid below
To prove old England's overthrow.
By God's mercy he was catch'd
With a darkened lantern and burning match.
So, holler boys, holler boys, Let the bells ring.
Holler boys, holler boys, God save the king."
Note: The main section contains additional information about the history of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (including the Royal Family).
Facts about Guy Fawkes Gunpowder Plot: A History Lesson for Beginners