FIFA PENALTY RULES: Football penalties are among the most contested regulations in the game of soccer (association football).
Awarding a penalty kick is often a controversial decision and is usually a game-changer. It is a heart-sinking experience for fans and players.
Learn about the most serious soccer infringement foul - the spot kick. It follows a sharp blast on the whistle by the match official.
It's usually accompanied by a stern finger pointing straight at the football penalty mark. The spot is a small white painted circle situated 11 metres out from the center of the goal line.
Note: A penalty kick is a soccer rules infringement awarded to the offended team. It results in a direct free kick.
When does a referee award a penalty kick? IFAB Laws 12 and 13 outline the offences and penalty rules in football. The governance addresses making tackles and committing fouls inside the penalty box.
What is IFAB?
It is The International Football Association Board (The IFAB). Their mission is to serve the world of football as the independent guardian of the Laws of the Game.
Committing a penalty comes with the risk of being severely punished by the match referee. The outcome will be a penalty if a player commits a direct free kick offence inside their own penalty area or off the field.
Here's the bottom line:
The referee must decide whether a player broke the game regulation? If so, did the offence take place inside the rectangular penalty area?
If it did, the official is almost certain to blow the whistle and award a direct shot at goal. The awarded team will then nominate a penalty taker.
The kicker will pick a strategy that gives them their best chance of kicking and netting soccer penalty kicks from the spot.
Note: Players must take all penalties in football from a marked spot located inside the penalty box. The penalty kick distance is 12 yards (10.97 metres or 36 feet) out from the centre of the goal line.
How does the referee prepare for penalties in football? The match official will clarify and confirm all these points before a player takes a football penalty spot kick.
The referee can allow additional time for a player to complete the kick. This particular penalty rule applies to the end of each 45 minute half of normal play or during extra time.
After allowing extra time, and after the ball gets kicked, the play becomes complete when either:
Note: In some cases, the penalty can get retaken. It can happen if a defending team player (including the goalie) commits an offence and the penalty is either missed or saved.
What if a defender enters the penalty area or penalty arc, after the referee blows his whistle, but before the kick?
In this case the referee allows the penalty to be retaken if a goal is not scored.
What if the kicker's teammates enter the area or arc after the referee blows his whistle and before the kick? In this case the ref can:
Football penalty rules allow feinting to confuse an opponent when taking a penalty kick. But, the referee can caution the spot kicker if they consider it to be an act of unsporting behavior.
As a rule, illegal feinting performed by the penalty kicker would always result in an indirect free kick. This would be the outcome even if the player 'scored a goal'.
But, a player cannot 'deliberately' stop at the end of their run and feint in order to gain an advantage. In fact, this is a deliberate infringement of the official Laws of the Game. Despite this, it is sometimes difficult to detect.
The referee would rule this as an act of deliberate unsporting behaviour. The outcome would be the issuance of a yellow caution card and the player loses the chance to have a second shot at goal.
It is one of the lesser known facts about penalty kicks. But, in actuality, yes you can! To be legal, it must be one of the penalties taken within a regular game and not as part of a penalty shootout.
You rarely see it in the modern game. But, one or two of the more flamboyant players have used this particular penalty kick technique. In most cases, they did it to get a teammate on the scoresheet.
The shooter kicks the ball forward from the penalty mark a few yards or so.
One of his teammates runs in after he kicked the ball. They shoot the ball into the back of the net - resulting in a goal!
That is how some of the most memorable penalties work in football. It's risky... but very entertaining for the crowd to see and the TV pundits to comment on.
Even though the simple answer is yes, it would only count under certain circumstances. The penalty must be one taken during a normal game (not a shootout). The ball must first make contact with another player (e.g. goalie). Once that happens, yes you can hit the rebound and go for goal.
Note: A ball rebounding off the post would not always count. After it rebounds, the ball must touch some other player before you can score.
FIFA Soccer Ball Specifications | Check out the size and weight rules for the modern football ball.
Handball Rule in Football | What exactly are the rules on deliberate and accidental ball handling?
Roles and Responsibilities of a Referee in Football | What's it really like to be a Premier League official?
English Football League competitions started using the 'ABBA' penalty shootouts system in 2017-18. It was part of the new FA rules for 2017/18 season.
The aim was to lower the pressure bestowed on the side that would always take the second kick in a shootout.
In the previous system, teams would take turns in a shootout. A coin toss would determine the choice of which team shoots first. For example, team A would go first, then team B, and then team A afterwards.
Under the new football penalty shoot-out rules, teams take pairs of kicks after the initial spot kick. Thus, team A shoots first, followed by team B. Then, team B goes again, followed by team A once more... 'ABBA'.
Note: The referee will still toss a coin to determine which team shoots first.
FIFA Penalty Rules in Football Penalties and Soccer Shootout