The UK Rules
Soccer Balls

FIFA Ball Specifications

The international standard on football ball weight and sizes comes from FIFA Law 2 - The Ball. Check the integrity required for all approved match balls used in association football games.

FOOTBALL BALL REGULATIONS: According to rules on the qualities and measurements of FIFA outdoor footballs, all balls must:

Top players rely on consistent football equipment and facilities to perform their best. The soccer ball is one of the mandatory pieces of equipment in the game. That is why strict regulations control the size and weight of a soccer ball.

Standard Soccer Ball Specifications

Numeric Value Ball Type Age Group Circumference Weight of Football
Ball Size 1 Pee-Wee or Mini-Ball A skills ball best for small kids 45 - 51 cm (18 - 20 inches) 205 grams
Ball Size 2 Training A skill ball best for kids around 4 52 - 56 cm (20 - 22 inches) 210 - 280 grams
Ball Size 3 Junior Players of 8 years and under 58 - 60 cm (23 - 24 inches) 300 - 320 grams
Ball Size 4 Youth Players of 8 to 12 years old 63 - 66 cm (25 - 26 inches) 359 - 390 grams
Ball Size 5 Adult Players of 13 years and older 69 - 71 cm (27 - 28 inches) 410 - 450 grams

Soccer Ball Technical Requirements

The regulations of official FIFA ball marks changed from the 31st of July 2017. They apply to matches played in an official competition organised under the auspices of FIFA or confederations.

All balls must now bear one of the following FIFA quality marks:

FIFA Law 2 (The Ball) stipulates the minimum standards on football ball specifications. The registered mark is a sign of official testing. It indicates that balls meet the specific technical requirements for that particular mark of quality.

The International Football Association Board must approve each ball mark. The institutes who conduct the tests are also subject to the express approval of FIFA.

Football Balls with Integrated Technology

The use of goal line technology (GLT) is becoming more commonplace in the modern game. Balls must carry one of the listed quality marks if they have integrated technology.

Note: The ball may need to bear one of the listed marks when used in a national football association competition.

The rules for matches played in an official competition organised under the auspices of FIFA, the national football associations, or confederations, state that:

If a Soccer Ball becomes Defective

FIFA provide official guidelines to follow if the match ball needs replacing during a game. If the ball becomes defective (e.g. a burst or a deflation):

The match would restart if the ball becomes defective at a kick-off, a goal kick, a corner kick, free kick, throw-in, or a penalty kick.

A penalty would get retaken if the ball becomes defective during a spot kick. The same rule applies to kicks taken from the penalty mark as the ball moves forward if it does not touch another player, the crossbar, or the goalposts.

Note: In all cases, the soccer ball may not get changed during a match without the full authority of the referee.

The Use of Additional Balls

The extra footballs must meet the specification requirements of FIFA Law 2. The use of any additional balls, often placed around the field of play, fall under the control of the referee.

FIFA World Cup Ball: Adidas Telstar 18FIFA World Cup Ball

Without doubt, one of the premier events in World Football is the FIFA World Cup™. As such, FIFA have excelled in many parts of the game. The design of the match ball is one of them.

Modern technology continues to influence association football - and its counterparts. Not least in ball design. The outcome is better resistance to adverse weather and a consistent global performance.


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Adidas first began making soccer balls in 1963. They became the official match ball supplier when they produced the Telstar for the FIFA World Cup ball 1970.

Adidas Official Match Ball

The Telstar ball had the Buckminster design. It was the first to have 32 black and white panels which helped it to be more visible on black and white televisions.

Adidas Brazuca Football

FIFA Soccer Ball Specifications: Adidas Brazuca 2014Adidas sold approximately 13 million official World Cup match soccer balls in 2010. They were also poised to make similar fortunes from the Brazuca ball 4 years later.

The World Cup 'Brazuca ball' cost around £100 and the workers making it earned a little over £65 a month. It became the official match ball for the 2014 Soccer World Cup held in Brazil.

The Brazuca ball got voted in 'publicly' by more than one million football fans in the host country. Even so, it got manufactured and supplied by Forward Sports located in Sialkot, Pakistan.

Adidas Telstar 18

The official match ball used in the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia is Adidas Telstar 18. In general, it is a black and white patterned ball.

They named the pattern for its resemblance to the original Telstar communications satellite. In fact, the origins of the phrase combine the word 'television' with 'star'.

The original Telstar ball had 32 panels. But, the Adidas Telstar 18 has six textured panels. Unlike earlier balls, the Telstar 18 is not stitched. Instead, the panels are 'seamlessly' glued together by the ball manufacturers in China and in Pakistan.

Note: The Adidas Telstar 18 is a unique soccer ball. It contains an embedded near-field communication chip or 'NFC'. That means anyone who buys the ball gets interactivity thrown in.

FIFA Football Ball Regulations used in the United Kingdom