The United Kingdom uses different types of national honours and awards in recognition of achievement, bravery, and commitment carried out by individuals.
Even so, the honours committee has the role of deciding which specific honour or award goes to every individual put forward, recommended, or nominated.
The Companion of Honour award goes to someone for making a major contribution to the arts, science, medicine, or government.
As a rule, this type of offering by an individual would be one that lasts over a long period of time.
Having a major contribution in any activity, most often at national level, could earn you the award of knighthood or damehood (the female equivalent).
People who work in the same area as the nominee often see their contribution as inspirational and significant. It generally requires significant commitment carried out over a long period of time.
The CBE is usually awarded to people with a prominent or leading role carried out at regional level. This type of award also recognises a distinguished and innovative contribution to an area.
The OBE is most often awarded to individuals with a major local role in any activity. People recognised nationally in their chosen area may be honoured with the OBE.
Offering outstanding achievement (or service in the community) may result in an MBE. This award is evidence of a long-term, significant impact and often stands out as a good example for others to follow.
The BEM is awarded to candidates with a 'hands-on' service within the local community. Typical examples include:
Her Majesty The Queen gives the RVO to people who have helped her on a personal basis. For example, British ambassadors or members of the Royal household staff.
There is no need to specify any particular Order when you are nominating someone for an honour or award. The committee will decide which order someone should be a member of.
Note: Most awards fall under the Order of the British Empire. You can also make recommendations for bravery awards.
The lists showing who received honours are published twice per year, once at New Year and again on the official birthday of the Queen (traditionally around the middle of June).
The complete New Year Honours list for 2020 recognises the achievements and service of extraordinary people throughout the United Kingdom.
The Queen's Birthday Honours recognised 1,495 people for various honours and awards during the year of 2020.
The Cabinet Office and Foreign and Commonwealth Office produce a list of honours from previous years and reports on the UK honours system.
The FCO produced details of Honorary British awards 2020 approved to foreign nationals by The Queen in the year 2020.
You can read more about the names of individuals who received The Queen's Gallantry Medal and The Queen's Commendation for Bravery in 2014.
Note: The short video contains footage when The Queen knighted Captain Sir Tom Moore. He was a 100-year-old individual who raised over £32 million pounds for NHS charities.
Types of Honours and National Award in United Kingdom