Most personal payments invested into private pensions are tax-free (within set limits). But, similar limits apply to tax relief allowances on your private pension contributions.
TAX ON PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS: Most people can make tax-free contributions into private pensions.
But, there are certain upper limits to be aware of. The thresholds apply to most private pension schemes, including:
Note: Tax is liable when you start taking money out of a pension.
As a rule, you will need to pay tax if the savings in your pension pots rise above:
There are two other reasons why you might pay tax on your private pension contributions. It can happen if your pension provider does not register for tax relief with HMRC.
The same also applies if they do not invest your pension pot complying with the pension rules and regulations of HM Revenue and Customs.
The amount of tax relief you can get on private pension contributions is worth up to 100% of annual earnings. Receiving the tax relief is an automatic process providing:
Note: You have a responsibility to ensure you do not get too much tax relief on private pension contributions. You must avoid getting reliefs worth more than 100% of your annual earnings. Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs can ask you to pay back anything over the limit.
There are some situations that allow you to claim tax relief on pension contributions, such as if:
Those who pay Income Tax at the 40% rate should claim tax relief on the extra 20% in their Self Assessment tax return. You should contact HM Revenue and Customs by phone or by a letter if you do not complete tax returns.
Claiming tax relief on the extra 25% must take place by Self Assessment tax return if you pay Income Tax at the 45% rate.
If your private pension scheme is not set up to get automatic reliefs you will need to claim the tax relief in your Self Assessment tax return.
Note: Those who do not fill in tax returns will need to contact HM Revenue and Customs. Even so, you can only claim tax relief on personal pension contributions if your pension provider has registered with HMRC.
What if someone else pays money into your pension? Often, it is a spouse or a civil partner. In this case you would still get the automatic get tax relief at 20%. That is providing your pension provider claims it using the 'relief at source' method.
Some workplace pensions allow other people to contribute into the pension pot. If this applies, you may need to make a claim for the tax relief on those particular contributions. If so, call or write a letter to HM Revenue and Customs.
You should still get the automatic tax relief at 20% on the first £2,880 even if you do not pay Income Tax. You get the reliefs on a private pension each tax year (6th of April to 5th of April) if both of these apply:
As a rule, tax relief does not apply to pension contributions used to pay a personal term assurance policy. The exception would be for a protected policy. The definition of a personal term assurance is a life insurance policy that either:
Note: As a rule, there will be a tax charge to pay if savings in a pension pot exceed the annual allowance. The current pension annual allowance threshold is £40,000 per year.
Note: As a rule, there is a tax charge to pay if savings in your pension pots exceed the lifetime allowance. The current pension lifetime allowance threshold is £1.03 million.
Tax Relief on Private Pension Contributions in the United Kingdom