List of Employment Laws UK
Table of Contents
- Employment Acts 2022/23
- What is Employment Law?
- Contracts of Employment
- Data Protection
- Disciplinary Procedures
- Dismissals and Redundancies
- Employment Tribunals
- Equality Act
- Health and Safety
- Industrial Action
- Maternity and Parental Rights
- Mental Health Act 1983
- Transfer of Undertakings (TUPE)
- Wages and Salary
- Working Time Regulations
- Workplace Pensions
EMPLOYMENT LAWS LIST: This section is a detailed list of employment laws legislation and law acts in the United Kingdom.
So, let’s start with the basics:
The guidance sheet accompanies the full employment rules and regulations checklist. They both provide useful information for contractor and service agreements.
There is important advice about disciplinary tribunals. We explain how to develop employment contracts and deal with employment agencies.
You can also check your rights on current employment law statutes. Expert advice addresses the health and safety statements around the UK.
All employees – including some who are not counted – have employment entitlements. This list of employment law and legislation includes, but is not limited to, how you get disciplined, made redundant, or dismissed.
The list of UK employment laws and legislation overviews the rights of workers and grievances in the workplace. Find vital information covering staff working hours, wages, and taking time off from work.
We’re not quite through yet:
UK recruitment legislation acts as a safeguard against workplace discrimination from co-workers and employers.
Around 200,000 employment tribunal claims occur each year. They include grievances about disabilities, religion, race, unfair dismissals, and pregnancies.
Employer fines for unfair dismissal or discrimination cases range from one year’s pay and upwards. This updated list of laws in the UK focuses on the legislation to protect employees.
2022 Employment Law Acts UK
|Aspects of Employment Covered by Law in United Kingdom||UK Statutory Payment from April 2022|
|Agricultural Sick Pay (ASP)||Rates vary (*requires 52 weeks of employment)|
|London Living Wage (all boroughs)||£11.05 an hour (UK Living Wage £9.50)|
|National Living Wage (NLW)||£9.50 an hour (age 23 and over)|
|National Minimum Wage (NMW)||£9.18 an hour (age 21 to 22)|
|Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP)||£156.66 per week (*33 week standard rate)|
|Statutory Redundancy Payments (RPS)||£571 per week maximum|
|Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)||£99.35 per week (paid fortnightly)|
FREE UK Employment Law PDF guidance notes listing laws in downloadable or print document format.
What is Employment Law UK?
In fact, the different types of employment legislation are seeing an ever increasing number of legislative ‘dos and don’ts’ in the workplace.
If we were to use the briefest of terms, ‘a contract of service’ is an agreement whereby mutual obligations exist between employers and employees.
Note: Read more in a page explaining the legal definition of employment law in the United Kingdom.
Legislation Relating to Contracts of Employment
- What is an employment contract and what should be in one? The human resources guidelines for employers explains how the terms and agreements in a contract of employment work.
- Being in continuous employment for a minimum period influences certain rights for working employees. But, the beginning and end dates of being continuously employed determine your individual rights.
- It is important for employers to understand the key differences in employment contracts. Find out how different types of employment contracts affect employer responsibilities.
- A ‘written statement of employment particulars‘ is not an employment contract. But, it details the main conditions of employment where a contract lasts for one month or longer.
- What are your rights and obligations if your employer relocates the company? A lot depends on whether there is a ‘mobility clause’ written in the employment contract.
Note: Current employment legislation acts regulate employing children and young persons into the workplace. In UK law, the definition of a child is someone not over 16 years – compulsory school age. Thus, a young person would be someone under 18 but ceases to be a child – a minor.
It defines the basic rights and responsibilities people have in the workplace. Find out the work rights for the main types of employment status in the United Kingdom.
The Agency Workers Regulations 2010 brought in new legislation and new entitlements. It applies to temporary agency workers, clients, and hirers from the 1st of October 2011.
Fixed Term Employment
A fixed-term employment contract is a term which refers to a contractual relationship between an employer and their employee. As a rule it lasts for a specific period of time.
Find out how to request flexible working by making a statutory application. Check out some reasons employers can give to reject flexible working hours and how to appeal.
Part Time Workers
A part time worker is an individual who gets paid in relation to the partial or total hours worked. It is commonly less hours than someone who works full time.
Workers vs. Self-employed
Workers are any person doing work for another person or organisation. They will most likely get categorised as either a worker or a self-employed worker. Self-employed workers offer services through a business or profession which they personally run. Rights to the NMW and WTR apply to both workers and self-employed working individuals.
Data Protection Principles
The guide explains the 8 principles of the Data Protection Act 1998 section c 29. This Act of Parliament protects personal data stored in paper filing systems and on computers.
Disabilities in the Workplace
The European Court of Justice (ECJ) confirmed a new ruling in December 2014. It states that obesity is a disability in the workplace (or its effects are).
Prejudicial or unjust treatment of divergent categories of people is discriminatory. The law protects certain types of discrimination ‘protected characteristics’ in the United Kingdom.
All employers should comply with the Acas Code of Practice on disciplinary procedures. So, the laws that protect employees also deal fairly with workplace suspension, punishment, and dismissals.
Note: Besides handling disciplinaries, there will be times when employers need to solve a workplace dispute. Check a guide to informal discussions and formal procedures for solving disputes at work.
Dismissals in the Workplace
A dismissal occurs when an employer terminates a contract. It can also be when there is no fixed renewal period of a contract when the original contractual period ends.
Employment is usually terminated by a period of notice, agreed by both parties. The exception could be when the contract has special circumstances for an automatic end. Employees contracted for a specific fixed period of work would also follow the same law.
Further guides cover the important topics of:
- Automatic Unfair Dismissal
- Constructive Dismissal
- Fair Dismissal
- Unfair Dismissal
- Wrongful Dismissal
Note: When we list the main features of current employment legislation we left out retirement. But, retirement cannot be a potentially fair reason for dismissal (unless it can be objectively justified).
In short, employment tribunals are a system of the courts, hearing and dealing with workforce disputes and compensation claims by employees.
Equality Act 2010
The UK Equality Act is now a simpler unified legal framework. It covers all workplace discrimination rights towards sex, age, religion, and many more.
Health and Safety in the Workplace
All employers must meet their legal responsibilities on Health and Safety at Work. This guide explains how Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 affects workers in the United Kingdom.
Industrial Action (strike law)
Maternity Leave and Parental Rights
How many weeks maternity leave do I get? As a rule you will be entitled to Statutory Maternity Pay for up to 39 weeks.
You should get 90% of your salary for the first six weeks and then you get the current week rate for the rest of the term. An employer’s scheme must pay the same as statutory maternity pay as a minimum.
Note: Following the introduction of ‘Jack’s Law‘ in April 2020, parents who suffer the loss of a child will have automatic entitlement to two (2) weeks of statutory leave.
Mental Health Act 1983
What is the Mental Health Act? The guide explains HR legislation UK contained within the Mental Health Act (MHA) 1983 in England and Wales.
Running an organisation often includes recruiting new people to join the company workforce. Employers must follow all recruitment rules and regulations when sourcing new staff.
Transfer of Undertakings (TUPE)
TUPE relates to the ‘Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006’. Rules of TUPE apply to organisations of all sizes and protect the rights of employees if an organisation or a service they work for transfers to a new employer.
Wages and Salary
National Minimum Wage 2022/23
- In the United Kingdom, the National Minimum Wage and Living Wage is the hourly rate which must get paid to all workers aged over 16 years old (school leaving age).
- Find out how different rates and calculations apply depending on your age and what type of work you are doing.
- The National Minimum Wage rates change every October in the United Kingdom. Whereas the rate for the National Living Wage changes in April.
- Learn how these hourly pay increases provide an annual boost to your standard of living. Click through for the Welsh language version.
Equal Pay Act
The UK Equal Pay Act 1970 now incorporates the UK Equality Act 2010. It provides an equality clause for anyone (men and women) employed in Great Britain.
Note: The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy announced plans for a powerful new body to protect the rights of workers in the United Kingdom. The workers’ watchdog will be responsible for enforcing the minimum wage, tackling modern slavery, and protecting the rights of agency workers.
Working Time Regulations
The results and outcomes of workplace laws and legislation apply to most workers in the United Kingdom. For example, they include the implementation of the ‘1993 EC Working Time Directive’ into English law, with some exceptions.
48 Hour Week
The maximum weekly working time of 48 hours may be extended by forming a written agreement. It also allows the worker to end the extension – usually with a seven day notice.
Check out some exceptions to night working limits and how health assessments work.
Minimum daily and weekly rest periods of 11 hours rest a day with a right to one day off a week. The law on rest breaks at work allows at least 20 minutes respite if the working day is longer than six hours.
In the UK there is a right to 5.6 weeks of paid annual leave capped at 28 days.
Note: As a rule, employers and employees have an agreement on contractual occupational times and places. But, the leave of absence from work laws are often the cause of workplace disputes.
They should then be making appropriate pension contributions on their employee’s behalf as part of the employer PAYE scheme.