Powered Mobility Scooters and Wheelchairs are classified by road laws according to their design and capabilities regarding the road traffic act 1988 in the United Kingdom.
USE OF INVALID CARRIAGE ON HIGHWAYS: Conversely, manual wheelchairs are meant to be used only on pavements because they are a Class 1 invalid carriage.
The UICHR Law 1988 states that on pavements or pedestrian areas manual wheelchairs should have upper speed limits of 4 mph (6 km/h).
Class 3 invalid carriages are designed for use on the roads and pavements and have an upper speed limit of 8 mph (12 km/h).
The Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulations 1988 (UICHR) govern the use of powered wheelchairs and mobility scooters on public highways.
The rule states that you should obey the rules and guidance for other road vehicles when using invalid carriages wheelchairs and associated devices on the road and follow the regulations for pedestrians when you are on the pavement.
Using manual and powered wheelchairs on the pavement is safer than on the road. Nevertheless, give priority to other pedestrians using the pavements by reducing speed in congested areas and on narrow pathways.
Use heightened consideration and awareness to pavement users especially those who may be visually or orally impaired.
Attempt to use pavement dropped curbs and look around for dangers before safely joining the roadway.
Approach and climb high kerb stones at right angles and avoid crossing curbs higher than the manufacturer’s recommendations for your type of carriage.
Using a powered wheelchair or a mobility scooter on the road requires extra caution because you are likely to be less visible to other traffic.
They will be travelling faster than 8 mph (12 km/h) that your machine is allowed to travel.
According to UK Highway Code Rules when you use an invalid carriage on the road you should travel in the same direction as the traffic.
You Must use the same rules as other road users about lights, horns, and indicators if they are fitted on your vehicle and you Must use lights if you travel on the roads at night.
Wear a reflective jacket for added visibility or consider fitting reflective strips to the back of your carriage.
Powered wheelchairs and mobility scooters should not cause a pedestrian obstruction when unattended and you should observe all regulated parking restrictions. Parking concessions apply for those displaying a valid Blue Badge permit.
Invalid carriages Must Not be used on motorways and should not be used on unrestricted dual carriageways (more than 50 mph). According to the Road Vehicle Lighting Regulations (RVLR) they MUST have a flashing amber beacon when used on all other dual carriageways.
Invalid Carriage Road Rules 1988; UK Rules Updated 2017