Olympic fencing rules sport three variants. The regulations for fencing sword types depend on the dueling version you are sporting.
FENCING GAME RULES: We focus on fencing rules and regulations for the most common branch. That happens to be Olympic fencing.
There are two other versions of fencing swords. One is the classical version based around martial arts. The other is the lesser known historical fencing sport.
The defensive sport governed by fencing rules in the United Kingdom is still considered by many to be an elitist activity.
This could be due to fencing's long and established history. It has a historical association with aristocratic types of fencing swords dueling.
Modern competitive combat fencing is one of only a handful of sports which have featured in all Olympic Games. Competitive fencers duel with one of three rapier-like sword weapons called foil, sabre, or épée.
Fencing rules and regulation are currently governed and regulated by Fédération Internationale d'Escrime. The FIE governs from Switzerland according to the chosen scene.
The basic aim in the game is to strike your opposing fencer with your weapon. Avoiding a hit yourself, is another part of the regulatory fundamentals. It is quite painful when fencers make errors or misjudgments.
There are fencing team events with multiple fencers. But as a rule only one fencer contests against another single individual. Each contestant wears protective equipment. They will both use one of three different types of fencing swords.
Serious injuries in fencing sport rules are actually quite rare. That is down to the protective attire and armour that fencers wear.
A fencing mask is also made of tough mesh material. The mesh repels the pointed edge of a fencing sword, but still allows a fencer to see through it.
The strong helmet completely covers the rest of the head for protection. A fencing jacket protects a competitor's body. They also wear a variety of thick pads and a fencing glove on the hand used to hold the weapon.
The competition gets played on a piste measuring 14 meters long and about two meters wide. The centre line divides two on-guard lines which run across the width of the piste. They get marked off six feet either side.
This position is where fencers start their sword fight challenge at the start of each round.
Failure to salute your fellow fencer, and the referee, at the beginning of the bout is a fencing rules infringement. This may cost you the loss of a point or potential suspension from the game altogether. The salute should also occur again after the completion of the duel.
Matches in the Olympic Games take place over three separate rounds and each for 3 minutes. The winner is the first player to score 15 points or the player with most hits at the end of the rounds.
There are other Olympic scoring protocols. They include the predetermined point system of scoring 5 points over a 3 minute round.
This introduction of how to fence with a sword should benefit beginners most. It is also useful for anyone who is new to the sport and spectators of the game. This insight should show that the rules of fencing are not as hard to learn as you may have first thought.
Note: We will continue this guide with more fencing regulations under the official rule book of fencing.
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FIE Fencing Rules Book: [PDF Download Option]
Fencing Game Rules and Regulations for Beginners in the United Kingdom