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Diseases and Conditions Guidelines

The information in this section is all about health protection and wellbeing. Knowing the symptoms and causes of common diseases and conditions can speed up recovery. We can prevent many infectious diseases using vaccines (e.g. chickenpox or measles). But, we can avoid most by making thorough and frequent hand-washing.

DISEASE GUIDE: There are trillions of organisms living in, and on, every human body. As a rule, most organisms are harmless to humans.

In fact, we need some organisms so that we can live a healthy lifestyle.

Even so, in certain conditions some of the organisms cause diseases and disorders. Bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses can cause infectious diseases and illnesses.

Many of the common infectious diseases get passed from person to person (e.g. coughing or sneezing). But, bites from insects and animals transmit other types of diseases and conditions.

Humans can acquire disease by ingesting contaminated food or drinking dirty water. Being exposed to unhealthy organisms in the environment can also create a risk to public health matters.

The signs and symptoms of disease vary. It depends on the actual organism causing the infection. But, typical symptoms of most diseases include a fever and extreme fatigue.

Many mild disease infections respond well to rest and common home remedies. Whereas, hospitalization is a necessity to treat some of the worst life-threatening infections.

A Guide to Common Diseases and Illnesses

Australian Flu

The Australian winter flu strain H3N2 spreads across the United Kingdom. So, what are the typical Aussie flu symptoms and how can you treat this outbreak of influenza?

Diabetes (Type 1 & Type 2)

The number of people diagnosed with diabetes continues to soar. But, understanding the common symptoms of diabetes can help you prevent further complications.


The influenza virus causes flu which takes hold very quickly and makes you feel ill for several days. It occurs most often in the winter time but there are ways to recognise and treat flu.

Norovirus Winter Bug

What should you do if you get the norovirus stomach illness? The first step is learning to recognise the signs and symptoms of norovirus so you can start to fight it.

Scarlet Fever

A visit to the doctor should clear up scarlet fever symptoms of a sore throat and rash infection. Early treatment with antibiotics helps protect children from potential long-term health problems.

Note: These diseases and conditions guidelines are for informational purposes only. Always consult a doctor or an appropriate medical professional for advice about health issues.

Diseases and Conditions Guide for United Kingdom