The Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) publish the Code of Safe Working Practices (COSWP) in the United Kingdom.
The ships code outlines a regulatory framework for health and safety on ships. It also includes safety management and all statutory duties on board.
The law states that ships must carry an up-to-date copy of the 'Code of safe working practices for merchant seamen'.
This rule applies to all UK ships unless they are a fishing boat or a pleasure craft.
You can buy the up-to-date consolidated edition 2011 from The Stationery Office bookstore.
There is further reading available on safety standards and requirements for merchant ships. Use the 'Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Health and Safety at Work) Regulations 1997'.
Note: You must make a copy of the ships code available for any seaman who requests to see it.
You must display specific health and safety signs on the ship. These include emergency escape signs and any relevant danger warning signs. All permanent fixed signs must meet the legal requirements.
Check the 'Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 2001'. It informs you how and where you must display safety signs and signals on board.
The main purpose of the 'permit to work' system on ships is to reduce the risk of accidents on board. The system means seafarers must get written permission from a senior officer before performing any hazardous tasks.
Examples of hazardous ship work includes:
All workers who perform dangerous tasks must have suitable personal protective equipment. Using protective equipment is for situations when you cannot avoid or reduce risks to an acceptable level by safe working practices.
In this case, protective equipment should:
Note: Read 'MSN 1870 (M+F) Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 1999' for further guidance.
Risk assessments must take place to identify who is at risk from noise or vibration on a ship. Once identified, you should determine how to reduce them or remove these risks. As a result, you must inform the workers about:
Note: The MCA provides information on controlling the risks of noise and vibration for workers at sea. Exemptions from the noise and vibration requirements apply in some cases.
UK Ship Safe Working Practices and Personal Protective Equipment