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Highway Code Using the Road Rules

Using the road safely and courteously means following the Highway Code. The rules apply to the safety checks made before you move off and throughout the full journey.

MIRROR SIGNAL MANOEUVRE UK: Highway Code using the road rules 159 to 161 cover these important regulations for motorists.

Rule 159: Always perform the mirror checks when moving off and check the blind spot before moving off:

  • Use all rear and side view mirrors to check that the road is clear.
  • Look around over your shoulder to check the areas you are unable to see in the mirrors. These obscured areas are blind spots for drivers.
  • Signal the intentions of your manoeuvre before setting off.
  • Look round for a final check and then move off only when it is safe.

Always follow these rules for using the road and general guidelines before you move off. Motorists should continue using them even when they are on the move in their vehicle.

Rule 160: Once your vehicle starts moving you should keep it to the left side of the road. This rule applies until or unless road signs and markings direct you to take a different action.

Note: There are some exceptions to Highway Code rule 160. They include times when you want to overtake another vehicle or turn right at a junction. Maneuvering passed parked vehicles or pedestrians in the roadway is another exception.

While moving along and using the road you should also:

Highway Code Using the Road

  • Keep well to the left side of the road while you are maneuvering right-hand bends.
  • Keep left to improve your view of the road. It also helps to reduce the risk of colliding with traffic approaching from the opposite direction.
  • Drive with both hands on the steering wheel whenever possible. That drivers remain in full control of their vehicle at all times. You can use driver assistance systems while driving. But, you must use any such system according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Be aware of other motorists using the road. This rule applies most to cycles and motorcycles. Bike riders may be filtering through the traffic more often than cars and trucks.
  • Be aware that smaller road users are more difficult to see than larger vehicles. Cycle riders are particularly vulnerable.
  • Give plenty of room to cyclists and motorcyclists especially if you are driving a long vehicle or towing a trailer.
  • Select a lower gear before you reach a long downhill slope to gain better control of your vehicle speed.
  • Remember the extra length will affect overtaking and maneuvering when you are towing.
  • Be aware that towing another unit means the extra weight will also affect the normal braking and acceleration of your vehicle.

Rule 161: The Highway Code rules say you should use all vehicle mirrors effectively throughout each journey. Proper use of mirrors means you should:

  • Use mirrors frequently so that you are always aware of what is behind and to each side of your vehicle.
  • Use vehicle mirrors in good time before you signal, change direction, or alter your speed.
  • Look around and check. Be aware that mirrors do not cover all areas and there will be some blind spots.

Mirror Signal Manoeuvre Highway Code

Note: The most important rule to remember while using the road is the ‘Mirrors Signal Manoeuvre‘ routine.

Highway Code Using the Road Rules in the United Kingdom