There are severe penalties for failing to follow Packaged Goods Regulations in the United Kingdom. Check out the systems used to pack products and equipment and records used to weigh or measure them.
As a rule, a 'package' refers to something that contains a product that got 'packed' without the purchaser being present.
So, the regulations on packaged goods apply to products that meet these three specific requirements:
It also means there is no way of altering the quantity of the package without opening or modifying the packaging. Under the Packaged Goods Regulations, there are two different ways of packing products.
Packing products in a way that they contain at least the quantity displayed on the labels would be the 'minimum system'.
Note: The quantity of the packages can be more than the label states. But, it must not be less.
Packing products to an average measurement stated on the label would be the 'average system'. As a packer or an importer, you must ensure the quantities of any random sample meet the packaged goods rules.
Trading Standards refer to the compliance of this packing system as 'three packers' rules, meaning:
Special rules apply when calculating the tolerable negative error (TNE) as a percentage of the quantity. If so, you would need to round up the weight or the volume to the nearest 0.10 of a gram or millilitre.
Contact your regional Trading Standards office for further help. They can offer expert guidance explaining how to pack products according to the average system.
You can also read the 'Weights and Measures (Packaged Goods) Regulations 2006'. It provides extra details and information with specific direction for business.
Failing to pack or label packaged or imported goods correctly can result in a heavy fine or a prison sentence.
You must use suitable equipment to weigh or measure your packaged goods. Even so, there are no specific rules on what equipment you need to use. Nevertheless, Packaged Goods Regulations do not allow the use of domestic scales to weigh goods intended for sale.
The Trading Standards office can confirm what is suitable equipment for business sector use. Trading Standards also check the weights and measures of goods on a production line. One of their roles is ensuring any equipment used gives accurate results.
If you use the average system to pack products you will need to keep proper records. You would need to record the results of sample batches. The records must also show how the samples meet the 'three packers' rule for the United Kingdom.
You need to keep these records for at least one (1) year from (the shorter period of):
Note: There would be no need to keep records if you are measuring every package or you are using the minimum system to pack products.
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