As a general rule, two umpires will fulfill the main duties of netball officials (instead of having the game officiated by a match referee). Their primary function is the interpretation and application of rules in netball.
Two scorers and two timekeepers would make up the full team of Technical Officials. TOs would help the umpires officiate international competitions or local elite events.
Netball umpire responsibilities include conducting inspections and making rule decisions (using clear communication skills).
Umpires are also responsible for ensuring the general health and safety of all the players with extra accountability to spectators who may be watching the game.
Netball umpires should focus on enforcing the regulations and controlling fair play. But, the chief duty of umpiring officials in netball, usually females, is applying the laws of the IFNA.
In fact, you might see the role of officials and umpires in netball as a 'third team' functioning in coexistence with the players inside the court.
But wait - there's more:
The fast-flowing game would not flow as 'smoothly' as it does without netball officials. They all play an important part in delivering a comprehensive and responsible strategy.
This is particularly true around the elite international arenas. Even so, professionalism and fairness is evident at club level too.
Section 7 of the netball game rulebook is key. It covers the official umpire's functional role and responsibilities of a match referee.
But, it has limited guidance on some match play interpretations. Check the basic guide on correct umpiring terms used by officiating officials and their assistants.
Important: The primary roles and responsibilities of an umpire in netball is applying all the rules according to the International Federation of Netball Associations (IFNA).
So, what do netball umpires wear for clothing as a uniform? For most games, all officials will wear a plain white shirt, dark coloured shorts, and white socks.
The basic appearance of a netball umpire, male or female, should include track shoes footwear or proper running trainers. Officiating umpires also need to have a whistle and a band for signalling centre calls.
The officials of netball competitions should complete a 'pre-game' inspection and check the safety of the court. A pre match review of the facilities should also include:
Note: Consistency is also one of the key roles and responsibilities of officials in netball. As an umpire, you will be responsible for adjudicating the rules under the codified netball rule book 2019 PDF (and without bias).
The umpires and officials must observe the game with scrutiny. They will be responsible for making infringement decisions and awarding penalties (where applicable).
Umpiring hand signals help to clarify judgement on decisions and determine which player is at fault. For example, signalling will show whether a defender or an attacker caused a contact and obstruction foul.
You might be wondering:
Many of the regulations have similarities to those used in basketball rules. As such, players should take a penalty from the side of the court closest to the umpire's position. Wrongly taken penalties would result in a free pass to the opposition.
The final role of officials in netball takes place when the game has finished. They should carry out and oversee all necessary score card reports. Make sure you document any endorsements (e.g. late team arrivals).
Follow that by endorsing both scorecards. Print your name, making sure that the names of all scorers and team captains have also been added.
Note: The England netball website has more information on what qualifications you need to become an umpire. Keep in mind that you need to be at least thirteen (13) years old to be to umpire in netball.
Note: Using modern technology in the game has helped to make some giant leaps in recent years. For example, the short video [3:04 seconds] shows how RF tracking is helping sports coaches get valuable data from the girls as they move around the court.
10 Rules of Netball: Browse through the top ten regulations with simplified tips for complete beginners
Netball Equipment List: A checklist of all the training gear and match kit used by players and officials.
Netball Safety Rules: Important guide explains how health and safety regulations affect the game.
Terms Used in Netball: An alphabetical list of terminology and phrases to help improve your knowledge.
Timekeeper in Netball: Check out the duties and responsibilities for accurate timekeeping in netball.
Roles and Responsibilities of Officials in Netball