This guide explains the rules of wheelchair basketball adaptations. The modifications do not change how to play wheelchair basketball seated in a chair.
IWBF 2020 RULES: Of course, there are some minor alterations from the stand up game.
They govern and reflect the adaptations of using wheelchairs on the floor.
The modified regulations interpret the rules for wheelchair basketball. They regulate a game affected by the use of a chair instead of standing.
Slight ruling variations accommodate and adapt to the different situations. They relate to mechanics of wheelchair motion and playing from a sitting position.
The current rules of wheelchair basketball get based on the official FIBA Laws of the Game. Founded in 1973, the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation adapted the rules to suit.
There are some differing regulations and established guidelines. They govern the type of approved wheelchair used in the game.
They help to make the playing environment safe and fair for all players. Basketball wheelchairs are not permitted if the seat height is more than 21 inches off the ground. Mechanized or motorized chairs are not allowed at all.
Competitors play wheelchair basketball on a standard sized basketball court. The hoop height and distance to the foul lines are the same dimensions and measurements as in the adult stand up sport. Some programs for juniors provide a lower wheelchair basketball hoop height.
A maximum of five players can play on court and they may get chosen from a squad of 12 players.
Two opposing teams will play four periods of 10 minutes per quarter.
Players often need to have documented and demonstrated lower-extremity disability. This may include partial or complete paralysis.
It can also be for partial or complete loss of part of a leg, or shortening of a limb.
Certain conditions alone, such as pain or numbness in the legs does not officially qualify someone to play competitive wheelchair basketball rules.
There are several striking differences between traditional basketball rules and wheelchair basketball. The most obvious contrast is how players dribble and pass the ball. You must wheel yourself around the floor with the ball as opposed to walking or running with it.
Most of the international wheelchair basketball rules define a dribble. They say it's a player using his or her hands to push the wheel of his or her wheelchair two times, along with one dribble of the ball.
Combining two pushes with one dribble is a legal dribble. Players can wheel their chair as much as they want following these dribbling procedures.
Wheelchair basketball rules and regulations allow pivoting. The technique gets performed by turning the wheels in opposite directions. There is no game law violation to the regulations providing the pivot gets conducted in one spot and not in a certain direction.
Wheelchair tilting is one of the most violated rules. Tilting means the chair's footrest - or a player's foot - makes contact with the floor.
This is most likely to happen when you lean forward or to the side. You will hear the referee's whistle and the ball gets awarded to the opposite team if this occurs.
Wheelchair basketball classification gets based on the players' functional capacity to complete the skills necessary to play. That includes pushing, pivoting, shooting, rebounding, dribbling, passing and catching the ball.
The wheelchair basketball adaptations for competitions at the Paralympic Games means the game gets played in wheelchairs. It is open to athletes with a permanent physical impairment in the lower limb(s) which can be objectively verified.
Impairments may include paraplegia, lower limb amputations, cerebral palsy, and polio. Not all players are daily wheelchair users, so athletes can be ambulant.
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IWBF Official Wheelchair Basketball Rules: [PDF Download Option]
IWBF Wheelchair Basketball Rules and Regulations Played in the United Kingdom