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Terminologies of Badminton

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BADMINTON TERMINOLOGY: A huge list of terminologies in badminton from A to Z. You will find 100s of terms used in badminton by players and officials.

Badminton players and match referees can use this vocabulary glossary of badminton terminology.

The titles and common match rulings will also help spectators and sports fans.

The official badminton rules and regulations is a good place to start if you are learning to play.

These badminton key words cover the advanced lingo and sports terms related to the game. Smash your way through to the most common terminology of badminton by clicking the alphabet facility below. Or take your time while you brush up your knowledge and understanding of the game.

This comprehensive list of badminton terms and definitions continues to grow. Check in often for more information associated to badminton playing techniques and match-winning strategies.

BADMINTON A-Z: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z

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A - Ace

In badminton game terms the phrase 'ace badminton' refers to a player winning an outright point from a serve and one was not touched or returned by the receiver.

Ace originated from the history of badminton when it used to mean any point had been scored.

Air Shot

Playing an air shot refers to a stroke where the shuttle is missed completely.

Similar to the 'air-ball' in basketball rules, the miss occurs most often when the player takes their eyes off the shot just before impact.

Alley (side alley)

The alley is an 18 inch section which is found between the singles and doubles sidelines on a badminton court and there is one on each side.

Basically, the alley in badminton terms represents the tramlines which are used only for doubles matches.

Angle of Attack

The badminton definition of the phrase 'angle of attack' refers to the trajectory of the shuttle after it leaves the racket.

Angle of Return

The typical angle of return for the shuttle is formed by several ranges of possible returns from a given position on the court.

Around-the-head Shot

This is accepted as an advanced shot where a player reaches to his backhand side from around the head to make a forehand strike on the shuttle. Take care with this shot because it may leave you off-balanced and vulnerable to a counter attack.

Attacking Clear

Attacking clear is a term used to describe a positive and somewhat aggressive stroke hit deep into your challenger's court. It is a variation of the traditional clear shot achieved by driving the bird over the net with a flatter trajectory and with a hard stroke.

B - Back Alley (rear alley)

The back alley is a term used for the area on both ends of the court between the singles and doubles service line.

Back Boundary Line

There are different terminologies in badminton jargon for court boundary markings. The back boundary line marks the rear ends of the playing area and the service zone in singles play.


If you are active in the backcourt area you are playing in the area of the boundary lines in the back third of the court.


Badminton backhand strokes are usually delicate shots played in front of the body and close to the net. Right handed players’ play the backhand stroking from the left of the body or vice versa for left-handers.

Backhand Grip

There are several terms used to describe the grip on the racket in the terminologies of badminton. One of the most common is the backhand grip which is used to provide a player with an option to strike the shuttle with his backhand.

Balance Point

On a badminton racket the center of mass is calculated from the bottom of the grip. The racket will be head-heavy when the measurement of this number is higher.

A standard balance point measures around 300mm (for the unstrung racket and specific grip size). Adding string to the racket and grip wrap changes the balance point.

Balk (baulk or feint)

The word 'balk' has several different terminologies in badminton such as feinting, swerving or deceiving. But basically it refers to a serve that deceives an opponent and usually results in a poor return.

Base Position

Badminton terminologies include a phrase called the base position which also has a title of center position. When you are playing a singles game, your overriding objective is to return each shot to the relative safety in the center of the court where the base position is located.


There are two baselines in badminton terminology - one in each half of the court. Each baseline is situated parallel to the net and at the very back boundary.

Basic Strokes

There are three different terms in badminton for a stroke played from either the forehand or backhand. The strokes are called under-arm, shoulder-high, and overhead.


The ancient and historical game of 'Battledore and Shuttlecock' was a 16th century recreation where players hit a ball back and forth to each other even before the game of badminton existed as a modern sport.

Bird (birdie)

Bird or birdie is a name commonly used for the shuttlecock used in badminton terms.

Bird On

In badminton terminology the cautionary call of 'bird on' often occurs when a shuttle lands on your court from an adjacent playing court. As a rule, 'bird on' results in a let.

Block Return

The badminton term 'block return' is a shot dropping steeply from a block shot around the net and has very little follow-through because it is played with a swift flick of the wrist.


The brush is a power-generated point-winning shot played at speed and high above the net.


The butt is the enlarged end of the shaft that prevents the player's hand from slipping off the handle.

BWF (Badminton World Federation)

The Badminton World Federation is the world governing body for the game. The International Olympic Committee and the International Paralympic Committee both recognise the BWF Rule Book.

BWF regulate, promote, develop and popularise the sport globally with world events. The vision of the Badminton World Federation is 'giving every child a chance to play for life'.

C - Carry (sling or throw)

A carry was formerly an illegal stroke and often called a throw or sling. If you carry the shuttle it means you did not hit it properly but caught and held it on the racket before slinging the execution of the shot.

The codified rules of badminton jargon generally consider a carry to be a legal tactic providing it was clearly a single forward stroke.

Centre Line

The center line separates the two service boxes (left and right service zones) and marks a perpendicular central line from the net to the rear baseline. It is the line dividing each court half into two sides.

Changing Ends

The players should change ends at the completion of each game and when the leader scores six points (11-point game) or eight points (15-pointer) in the third game.


Clear shots term defines strokes which are played from the back of the badminton court to the rear of the opponent's half.

Closed Face

In badminton terms closed face refers to a situation where the racket face points downward.


The head of the shuttle is traditionally made of cork.

Cork Tip

The cork tip is the rounded base of the shuttlecock which may also be made of synthetic materials.

Badminton Terms used in Court SizesCourt

A badminton court is mostly used indoors and it should provide a synthetic or hardwood surface offering good traction with clear and defined outer boundary lines.

In singles badminton the court size 17 x 44 feet and 20 x 44 feet for doubles matches.

Cross-court Shot

A cross-court shot is one that crosses the center line.

Cross Strings

Racket cross strings run perpendicular to the shaft and there are around 21 - 23 crosses on a badminton racket.

D - Dab

The definition of a dab shot in badminton is a crisp downward stroke using minimal backswing with excessive follow-through played in the forecourt.

The shot must be played with good body position with a flexible arm and wrist. It is executed primarily with fast action in the fingers but with limited finger movement.

Danish Wipe

A 'Danish Wipe' shot is a hybrid backhand stroke - a combination of a lob and a drive. It is used to play a lofty shuttle from far ends of the court. The racket is swept down deep to knee height and then up and under the shuttle and finishing with a strong follow-through.

Dead Bird

Hitting a shuttle out of play is called a 'dead bird' and one of the funny badminton terms.


Deception is an important part of game tactics by hiding what shots you intend to play, either through very quick motions or misdirection before contact.


Playing defencively generally means hitting shots upwards similar to the shots played when serves are executed upward.

Defencive Clear

The defencive clear shot is played high and deep in an attempt to gain time or slow the pace of the rally.


Essentially diagonal is a term used to describe badminton doubles rules for player positions. Two players divide the court on a diagonal as opposed to right angles (as in front-and-back or side-by-side).

Divorce Area

In badminton terminology the divorce area refers to a narrow rectangle 8-11 feet from the net. It is situated between the rear-court and fore-court players and between the sidelines.

The phrase originated from mixed gender games when irate husbands would berate over-enthusiastic wives when they clashed rackets in this section of the court.


Doubles matches have two players on each team and on opposing sides (total of four players). Badminton doubles games use the larger-sized court.

Double Hit

The double hit is a shot contacting the receiver's racket twice, either by one player or by both players. A double hit by two players is always a fault.

The rules surrounding a double hit by a single player are more nuanced. If two strokes are used then the double hit is a fault. If a single stroke is used then historically a fault was called, but today the shot is legal.

Doubles Sideline

The doubles sideline marker denotes the court inbound width of 20 feet used for doubles matches (two teams of two players).

Doubles Service Court

The service court for doubles games is an area measuring 44 x 20 feet.

Drive (serve)

Driving the shuttle fast and low, almost horizontal in flight over the net, is called a drive. The drive serve is played as flat as possible (clearing the net) and hit hard to fall at the back of the service court - a deceptive alternative to regular short and long serves.

Drop Serve

The badminton drop serve (similar to toss serve) is played by dropping the shuttle to fall before hitting it and is used in forehand serves.

Drop Shot

A drop shot refers to one hit with finesse and softly so it falls sharply in your opponent's court and close to the net.

E - Equipment

The list of badminton equipment is not necessarily a huge expense but choosing the right gear will definitely enhance your playing experience.

As a rule, the badminton umpiring equipment and clothing is provided by the tournament coordinators and sponsors but the match officials and line judges may need to bring their own gear kit and paraphernalia if not.


Badminton events are the disciplines which players may enter and compete in tournament play. The standard events are men's/women's singles, men's/women's doubles, and mixed Doubles.

F - Fast Drop

Fast drop is one of the lesser used badminton terms. It is a variation of a normal drop shot where a player strikes the shuttle harder to give the opponent less time to react.


Faults in badminton are violations of the codified rules and regulations while serving or receiving the shuttle and during normal play. A player commits a fault in badminton when the shuttle:

A fault also occurs if a player strikes the shuttle on the wrong side of the net. Touching the net or the posts by any means is also considered a fault.

Feather Shuttle (feathers or crown)

A feather shuttle is one with a skirt comprised of bird feathers (duck or geese feathers) or synthetic materials. Sixteen individual feathers are attached to the skirt of the shuttlecock tip to stabilize it and make it aerodynamic.


A feint is also called a balk. It is any deceptive move that fools or dummies an opponent disconcertingly before or during the serve.

First Serve (first hand)

A rule change to rally scoring occurred in 2006 which altered doubles play team members to serve in succession.


Surprising your opponent by using a flick describes a quick wrist-and-forearm rotation technique. The flick deceptively changes an apparent soft shot into a much faster and often a winning passing shot.

Flick Serve

A flick serve is an advanced service shot taken from the backhand position and arched over the opponent toward the long-service line. This shot requires a developed forearm and wrist to generate the power and quickness to catch the receiver off guard.


The difficulty or skill level of an event in a tournament usually designated by the letters A, B, C and D. Flight A would be the most advanced level.

Flight Path

The badminton expression of 'flight path' refers to the trajectory taken by a shuttle after the stroke. The shuttle's flight path is seen by many as a distinguishing trademark between cheap plastic shuttles and professional feathered shuttlecock.


Follow-through describes the path of the racket following its contact with the shuttle. It is an important technique of producing controlled strokes and predictable shots.

Foot Fault

A foot fault is a service fault made by a player in which he oversteps the boundary of the service court.


When you have mastered good footwork in badminton it means you will reach the shuttlecock early in the fastest time and using the shortest distance.

Footwork is a principle reason why professionals have less injuries and make badminton look effortless and graceful.

Forecourt (front court)

The forecourt area is the front third of the court. It is the region between the short service line and the net.

Forehand Strokes

Playing a shot to the right side of the body is a forehand stroke for a right-handed player and vice versa for a left hander.

Forward Swing

The forward swing is a term referring to the racket movement towards the shuttle.


Frame refers to the racket frame to which the stringing is attached.

Free Point

Losing a point on a serve, with no actual effort made by the opposer, is termed 'giving away a free point'. Free points are similar to unforced errors in tennis rules and should be kept to a minimum.

Front and Back

In badminton expressions, 'front and back' is a doubles game player position whereby one partner is on front of the other and close to the middle line, as a rule.

Frying Pan Grip

A quirky badminton term which describes a racket grip rotated 90 degrees from the traditional hand position. The head is parallel to the net in a frying pan grip with the front of the racket facing the net.

G - Game

A game is part of an uncompleted set and typically when one player or doubles team has amassed enough points to win a single contest but not necessarily the whole match.

Game Point

Either the word 'game' or 'point' should be announced when serving for a game-winning point - out of courtesy. Game point refers to the situation where one player can win the game if he wins the current rally.

Game (set)

A 21-point series with a required two-point margin of victory. If a game goes past 21 points it ends when one team either goes up by two points or reaches 30.


Graphite is actually an allotrope of pure carbon. Graphite is used in the construction of most modern badminton rackets because it is generally lightweight and strong.


The grip is a badminton term for the material covering the handle of racket and is used for better comfort and control.


Gut fibers, gathered from intestinal parts of sheep and cows, and were used before it became acceptable to use synthetic strings.

H - Hairpin Net Shot

As the name may suggest a hairpin net shot resembles the shape of a hairpin. It is made from below and very close to the net. The hairpin shot send the shuttle rising sharply near to the net and then drops abruptly downwards on the other side.

Half-court Shot

A half-court shot is mostly effective in the doubles game. The shot is hit low towards the midcourt.

Hammer Grip

Hammer grip is another one of those quirky badminton expressions describing the way some beginners grab the racket over tightly (like grabbing a hammer).


The handle refers to the end portion of a racket (opposite the head) and it is the part where a player takes hold. It is the part of the shaft that the player grips to control the racket.

Head (face)

The head is a part of badminton equipment. It is the main oval face portion of the racket which is comprised of the frame with stringing and attaches to the shaft.


The word 'help' is one of the badminton terms rarely heard in professional tournaments. But, it is sometimes used in badminton doubles rules where one partner shouts 'help' if he is in trouble and needs help from his partner to make the next shot.

High Clear

The high clear is a variation of a normal clear shot that arches high toward the opponent's baseline. This shot is intended to allow a team or player to reset defensively or to disrupt the opponent’s timing.


The high-lift is also called the high clear. The phrase refers to a defensive shot hit high and extremely deep into the challenger’s back court area.

History of Badminton

The history of the badminton game originated as 'battledore and shuttlecock' in Greece and mainland Asia from the period of ancient civilization around 2,000 years ago.

Holding a Shot

This technique is often used to delay hitting the shot deliberately to observe the opponent's preparation or reaction.

Hybrid Stringing

Hybrid stringing is one of the less common terminologies in badminton. It refers to having a racket made with two different types of string used for the mains and crosses.

Badminton England - Play it, Love it, Live it, logoI - In-play

In England badminton game terms the shuttlecock is in-play unless:

Interval (time break)

An interval refers to either the 60-second period of rest that occurs when the score reaches 11 for the first time in a game or the 120 second break in between games. Players are permitted to leave the court during this time.

J - Jump Smash

The badminton jump smash is accepted as the most powerful shot in badminton and it is performed in mid-air. Players use the jump smash instead of the normal smash because of its steeper angle and higher level of power.

K - Kill

The kill is a fast downward shot that cannot easily be returned to your court and usually ends a rally.

L - Left Service Court

The left service court box marks the boundary to the left side of each player when facing the net.

Length of Play

Play is continuous until the game is won by a player or a team. The international rules of professional badminton matches usually allow five minutes rest period between game two and three.


A 'let' is a legitimate call which halts normal play and allows a rally to be replayed. 'Lets' occur when:


A lift is a variation of a clear shot that is produced by an underhand stroke and arched high to allow time for better defensive positioning.

Line Judge (linesman)

A line judge, in terminologies related to badminton, is a pre-approved, unbiased individual who is responsible for determining whether or not shots land inside of the court boundaries and should inform the umpire when a fault is committed.

A linesman is one of ten officials who ensure that the shuttlecock remains inside the lines of play.

Locked Wrist

Having a locked wrist is a badminton expression for players with an inflexible wrist. This often results in the racket handle held parallel with the forearm or sometimes pointing downward.

Long Serve

Playing a long serve is one which typically is a high lofty shot that lands close to the back line.

Long Service Line

Serves take place from the long service line and it marks the back of the service zone for doubles matches. The long service lines should measure 21 feet back from the net for a singles match and two feet closer for doubles.

Love (luv)

Love is a term used to denote zero scores in badminton terminology. Each competitor begins at zero (love-all) and remains at love until they score points.


Lunge refers to a vital part of footwork that has a player reach with the racket-side leg as you strike the shuttle.

M - Main

The 'mains' are a terms for the racket strings which run parallel to the shaft. As a rule most rackets will have a total of 22 mains.


White or yellow 40 mm wide court markings section the different zones of the badminton playing area.


Quite simply a match refers to a series of badminton games to determine a clear winner.

Match (point)

Either word should be announced when you are serving for a match-winning point - out of courtesy.

Men's Doubles

Men's doubles is a match comprised of two teams with two male players on each team.

Midcourt (home)

The midcourt term designates the optimal home position of the middle third of the court. It is halfway between the back boundary line and the center net.

Mixed Doubles

Mixed Doubles is a match comprised of two teams with one male and one female player on each team. Level Doubles is a game where two paired players are of the same gender.

N - Net

Players hit a feathery shuttlecock over a net. Nets are loosely stitched dividers which are stretched across the middle of the court at a height of 5 ft. England badminton nets stretch across the center of the court between two posts.

The official net height measures 2.5 feet deep and the top of a badminton net is five feet high or 1.524 meters from the floor.

Net Drop

A net drop is a basic badminton net shot where a player simultaneously receives a drop shot and then returns one back.

Net Fault

Net fault is one of the common terminologies in badminton. It occurs if any player touches the net with his body, the racket, or any of your apparel during play.

Net Return

A net return shot creeps over the net and drops abruptly to the ground on the other side.

O - Offence (attack)

Playing offensive shots are those generally hit downward and the team on the offense is the one hitting downward.

One-piece Racket

A one-piece badminton racket is constructed with a single and continuous piece of material. Multiple piece rackets would have separate head, shaft, t-joint, and grip joined together at a later stage.

On-guard Stance

The badminton phrase refers to the alert position being taken by a player in readiness of the bird being hit by the opponent.

Open Face Racket

Open face racket is one of the terminologies used in badminton referring to the way a racket faces upwards.

Overhand Shot

The overhand shot is taken with a downward arm and wrist motion.

Overhead Shots

Playing the racket into the shuttle above a player’s head is called an overhead shot.

Overhead Smash

The overhead smash is an aggressive powerful shot played steeply downwards usually from high in the air.

P - Pace

The pace of a game simply refers to the speed of a shot or rally.

Panhandle Grip

Panhandle grip is a variation of the natural grip. The palm faces the fat part of the handle as the thumb and fingers grasp the thinner sides. The panhandle grip is normally used for drive shots and allows greater range with forehand drives.

Passing Shot

In badminton terms a 'passing shot' passes or travels passed the opposing player or team.


Patty-cakes is a term describing the way some beginners stand relatively immobile trading half-paced drives until one misses.

Plastic Shuttle

A type of shuttle with a skirt made of plastic.


The word placement refers to the location where a shuttle is aimed on the court.


Poaching in a game is the action of taking shots which would normally be returned by your partner in doubles badminton rules. It is often done either through over-enthusiasm, greed, or lack of confidence in your partner's ability.


A pop-up shot is one played slowly with a high lift to the forecourt.

Position of Readiness

The position of readiness is usually towards the middle of the court and means that each player is prepared to play the next shot quickly or respond with a return pass.


The post is a vertical bar used to stretch the net by means of white tape.


The history of badminton game shows that a press was used to stop the head warping from moisture when racket heads were made of wood or bamboo.

Rackets were kept in a press usually consisting of two wooden trapezoidal frames held together with bolts and thumb-nuts to help prevent this happening.


Pre-stretching means pulling the racket string to tension and letting it relax before starting to string.

Push Shot

The push shot is a gently played shot created by pushing the shuttlecock with a little extra wrist motion than normal.

Q - Qualifications

If you want a qualification, Badminton England currently offers the UKCC endorsed Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 Certificates in Coaching Badminton.

Badminton Terms for Racket PartsR - Racket (racquet)

What are the badminton game terms for the different parts of the racket? The large stringed area with a frame is called the head which is connected to the handle by the shaft.

You should choose the best badminton racket for your game based on the string tension, its weight, flexibility, balance, and the size of the hand grip.

The racket used to strike the shuttlecock is lighter and narrower than a tennis racket (about 3 oz.) and the head measures about 9 inches long and 11 inches wide.

Racket Foot

The racket foot refers to the strong playing foot which is usually the right foot for a right handed player and the left foot for a left hander.


In terminologies of badminton a rally is a series of passes and exchanged shots which begin with a serve and the rally finishes when the point is won.


Rally-scoring refers to the manner of scoring in which a point is awarded for every rally.

Receiver (receiving side)

The receiver is the player who receives the shuttlecock put into play by the server and then returns the opening stroke made by the server, both in singles and doubles.


Rotation is the movement or interaction which allows doubles partners to attack or defend effectively as a team.

Rough Side

In badminton equipment terms the rough side refers to the side containing the trim loops of the racket and being opposite to the smooth side.

Round-the-head Shot

A round-the-head shot is a funny badminton phrase referring to an overhead shot which is played with a forehand swing but on the backhand side.

Rush a Serve

Rushing a serve describes very quick movement forward when receiving a low serve. The aim of which is to move to the net fast enough to attack the serve.

S - Safety

The health and safety regulations in badminton help you to avoid, or limit, the most common injuries and accidental mishaps which players may suffer while playing shuttlecock.


In terminologies related to badminton a scorekeeper is a pre-approved, unbiased individual who is responsible for scoring a match.


Women's badminton games are usually scored up to 11. Games tied at 9-9 or 10-10 usually move into a 'love-all' set situation where winner is the first player to win the next two or three points.

Men's singles and doubles normally play to 15. Only a serving player or team in women's and men's badminton scores a point. The best of three games decide the match winner.


The server starts the rally by hitting the shuttlecock over the net to the court area of their opponent. The server and the receiver stand diagonally opposite each other as the shuttlecock is served into play.

Service (right to serve)

The service is the initial stroke which starts play when the receiver is stationary and begins a rally. The badminton serve is taken from left-hand side of the court for odd points (e.g. 1, 3, 5,) and the right-hand side for even points.

The non-server is allowed to stand anywhere on his side of the net during a doubles game. The server must strike the base of the shuttle first contacting it below the server's waist in a continuous motion.

Service Court

The service court is the area into which you must deliver the service which in fact is different for singles than in doubles games.

Service Fault

A service fault is any violation or illegal tactic that occurs during service for either team.

Service Judge

A badminton service judge is a pre-approved, unbiased individual who is responsible for calling service faults. Service judges are the officials who monitor the execution of the serve, player position, and the arrival of the shuttlecock in the appropriate zone.


Setting in badminton means to extend a game by a set number of points beyond the normal finish.


The shaft is the elongated part of the racket that ends at the beginning of the head.

Short Service Line

The short service is the front boundary line of the singles and doubles service zones and measures six feet or 1.98 meters from the net on both sides of the court. It denotes the area beyond which all serves must land.


'CLEAR, DRIVE, DROP, SMASH' are four shot terms related to badminton. Learn these 4 shot techniques and discover why and when beginners should use these top offensive and defensive strokes.

As a rule, all shots played in badminton are termed as offensive or defensive strokes and we explain the methodology behind four of the most popular.

Shoulder-high Shots

When the racket hits the shuttle above the player’s shoulder and usually to the side it is called a shoulder-high shot.

Shuffle (skip)

The shuffle is a primary part of your footwork technique which occurs when you slide your feet to move around the court.

Badminton Terminology: A racket makes contact with the shuttlecockShuttlecock (shuttle)

Badminton terminology has the name 'shuttlecock' which is used to describe the 'bird or birdie'. This refers to the projectile of a feathered (14 to 16 feathers) cork object sent back and forth over the net in competitions.

Shuttlecocks are made of 16 real or synthetic feathers attached to a cork base. Different weights of shuttlecocks determine their flight and speed through the air.


Side-by-side refers to the defensive doubles position where both players are at midcourt and on either side of the center line.


A game of badminton where one individual plays against one other player.

Singles Sideline

The singles sideline is a line which marks the in-bound court width playing area of 17 feet for singles games (two players).

Singles Service Court

The service court for doubles games is an area measuring 44 x 17 feet.


The skirt is the part of the shuttle that is either plastic or feather and fans out like a lady's skirt.


A slice is one of the common terminologies used in badminton. It refers to the curved flight of the shuttle created by striking it with an angled face of the racket during contact.

Smash (kill shot)

A smash is an overhead kill shot hit so hard that it forces the shuttle to drop sharply downwards into the opponent's court. The smash or kill shot is a decisive power move and seen as an aggressive tactic during play.


The stab is a shot intended to drop the shuttle steeply and tight to the net on the side of your opponent.


A stance is the position of your body and feet while you are waiting for the opponent to hit the shuttle.

Starting the Match

Who starts the match is decide by a coin toss or a spin of a racket. The winner chooses between serving and receiving first.

Straight Games

A straight game means winning in consecutive games with no lost games.


Strings are the thin, synthetic pieces of material that are weaved through the frame and used to propel the shuttle.


The stringing is a term referring to the surface of interlaced strings of synthetic or natural fiber that is used to strike a shuttlecock.


In simple badminton terms a stroke is the movement of your racket with the intention of hitting the shuttle.


The sweet spot of a badminton racket is the center section of the stringing where the response is uniform and hence offers maximum playability.

Synthetic (shuttle)

A synthetic shuttle is a small plastic cone that is sturdier than the feathered shuttlecock and is usually used for training. As a rule it weighs about 0.2 ounces which is the same as the feathered shuttlecock.

T - Tape

The tape refers to a three-inch solid strip running along the top of the net. According to the official badminton rules the tape is usually white to provide a highly visible reference.


Racket tension describes the force used to pull on string while stringing a racket.

Test Mark

These are two small marks on a court indicating the range into which a proper speed shuttle will land during testing.

Throat (t-joint)

The section of the racquet that connects the head to the shaft is termed the throat - or T-joint. Older, lower-end models typically have a visibly separate t-joint, while newer, higher-end models incorporate it into the racket.

Tipping the Shuttle

Tipping means adjusting the speed of a shuttlecock by bending the tips of the feathers.


The T-junction refers to the intersection of the center line and the short service line and is typically used as a reference point for short serves and as a base for net play.

Top Slice and Tumble

Similar to tennis, the top slice and the tumble aim to drive the shuttle looping downward tightly over the net.

Toss a Coin

Players usually toss a coin to determination who serve or from which side.

Toss Serve

A toss serve occurs when the server throws the shuttle up or to the side and lets it fall before hitting it.


Tramline refers mostly to the boundary lines themselves or to the Alleys (side tramline and rear tramline).

Tumble Drop Shot

A tumble drop shot is a variation of a normal drop shot that causes the shuttle to flip, end over end.

U - Umpire

The umpire is the official responsible for applying the basic badminton regulations, ensuring that the match runs smoothly, and rules on contentious points. A service judge and a line judge may also assist badminton umpires.


Underhand refers to any shot taken with an upward arm and wrist motion.

Up (go up)

Go Up is often a call made between doubles partners indicating that one partner would like the other to move to the forecourt resulting in a front-and-back position.

V - Videos

Videos must get included in a complete list of the sports lingo in badminton. Click here to watch seven minutes of badminton video footage including competitive singles and doubles matches.

W - Waist

Even though the shuttle must be below the waist at time of service, the height of the elbow (when standing upright) is more visible than the waist and remarkably close to the codified rules and regulations of badminton.


Walls is a term used to define the minimum distance from the baseline perimeter to the nearest surrounding wall. Regular badminton match wall distance is five feet from the baseline and four feet from the sideline.

Competitive international badminton matches extends this distance to the closest wall to 7.5 feet from the baseline and 7.2 feet from the sideline.

White Tape

White tape refers to a strip of tape with a cord passing through it which is attached to the posts to suspend the badminton net.

Wood Shot

When the shuttle hits the frame of the racket legally instead of the strings and it is called a wood shot.

World Junior Championship

BWF World Junior Championships are also called the World Junior Badminton Championships. The Badminton World Federation organises the annual tournament for junior badminton players under-19 years.

Y - Yonex

Yonex is a badminton racket manufacturer which achieves precise control and function by creating ultra-lightweight strong and stable racquets.

Z - Zone

We admit it was difficult to find a letter 'z badminton term'. But, the Inter Zonal Badminton Championships occur between some regions for competitive tournaments.

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Badminton Terms and Definitions: A-Z Terminologies used by Players and Officials in Badminton