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Terminology

Archery Terminology and Definitions

'In Terms of Archery: Don't Quiver You Have Reached the Target'

ARCHERY TERMINOLOGIES: A concise list of terminologies of archery. You will find 100s of archery terms and definitions used by archers and officials, all listed from A to Z.

Archers and competition referees can use this vocabulary of archery terminology. The titles and common match rulings will also help spectators and sports fans.

The official archery rules and regulations is a good place to start if you are learning to play.

These key archery words cover the advanced lingo and sports terms related to the game.

Shoot through to the most common archery terminology by clicking the alphabetic facility below. Or, take a timeout and sharpen your knowledge and understanding of the game.

This comprehensive list of archery terms and definitions continues to grow. Check in often for more information associated to archery playing techniques and match-winning strategies.

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ARCHERY TERMS: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A - Adapter

An adapter is known as the arrow part that allows for screw in points on wooden shafts or for glue on points for aluminum shafts.

Aluminum

Used in modern archery terminology for making arrows; also in the production of wheels and cams as well as the risers on some modern compound bows.

Anchor Point

Definite spot on the archer's body, normally the face, on which string and index finger come to rest. This should be the same point for each shot.

AMO (organization)

The Archery Manufacturers and Merchants Organization (now known as the ATA)

AMO Length (measurement)

A standardized length for measuring bow strings.

Archer

One who practices Archery (a.k.a. bowman) and one of the most common terms used in archery.

Archer's Paradox

The effect produced by an arrow flexing as it leaves the bow.

Archery

The practice of using a bow to shoot arrows.

Archery GB

Archery Terms: Terminology Used in Archery A-ZArchery GB is the governing body for the sport of archery rules and regulations in Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Arms

The 'arms' are two limbs of a bow and one of the common terms used in archery.

Arm Guard

A protective strap or sheath for an archer's forearm. A protection against the bowstring's strike, worn on the inside of the left forearm. It is usually of heavy leather padded with felt.

Arrow

The name of the projectile in Archery terminology.

Arrow Case

A box of wood or other material in which arrows are transported. Each arrow is usually held separate from its fellow.

Arrowhead

The arrowhead is one of the common archery words referring to the front end of an arrow; also known as the head, point or tip.

Arrow Plate

A piece of horn, pretty shell or leather just above the handle on the left side of a bow, where the arrow passes as it leaves the bow.

Arrow Rest

A device used to hold the arrow against the handle or riser until it is released.

Arrow Shaft

The part of the arrow without a nock, fletching, or point installed. Can be made of wood, aluminum or carbon, or a combination of two such as aluminum and carbon, in a carbon/alloy arrow.

Arrow Shelf

In traditional archery terminology it is a notch in the riser or the top of the archer's hand, where the arrow sits.

Arrowsmith

In bow and arrow terminology an arrowsmith refers to the one whose business it was to make metal arrowheads.

Arrow Straighter

A tool used to straighten arrow shafts.

Artillery

The old time word for bows and arrows.

ASA (organization)

Archery Shooters Association

Ascham

A tall, narrow cabinet in which bows and arrows are kept.

ATA (organization)

The Archery Trade Association (formerly known as the AMO).

A.T.A (measurement)

An acronym for "Axle-To-Axle", the length between the two pivotal axles which hold the cams or wheels onto the limbs on a compound bow.

B - Back

The side of the bow that faces away from the bowstring.

Backed Bow

A bow which has been backed with rawhide, wood, fiber or sinew.

Backing

Any substance which is used for backing bows.

Balloon Feather

A feather that has been cut parabolic or curbed.

Barb

A projection on a hunting head which prevents its easily being withdrawn.

Barebow

Shooting without a bow sight, stabilizers and release aid.

Bare Shaft

An arrow shaft without fletching, used to tune a bow.

Barrelled

A barrelled arrow is heavier in the middle and tapers toward each end.

Bass (bast)

The twisted straw back of a target.

Belly

The side of the bow that faces the bow string; Today it is called the 'face'. The belly of a bow is the rounded side, held towards you when shooting.

Bend

You bend a bow when you brace or string it.

Blunt

An unsharpened arrowhead used for targets and small game. Designed not to let the arrow penetrate a target, but rather bounce off. Made from steel, aluminum, rubber, or brass.

Bobtailed Arrow

An arrow that is thicker at the pile end. It tapers to the nock.

Bolt

A crossbow projectile; also called a quarrel.

Boss

A target, usually made from tightly compacted foam or straw.

Bow Arm

In bow and arrow terminology the 'bow arm' is the one that grips the bow.

Bow Hand

The hand that holds the bow.

Bowfishing

The use of archery bow and arrow equipment for catching fish.

Bowhunting

The practice of taking game using archery.

Bow Sight

A mechanical device attached to the bow that an archer uses to aim at the target.

Bow Sling

A leather or nylon strap, fastened to either the bow or the archer's hand, used to prevent the bow from falling to the ground when the archer shoots without gripping the bow.

Bow Stave

The stick, stave or piece of wood from which a bow is made.

Bow String

A multi stranded string of either Dacron, Kevlar or Fastflight looped to the bow nocks or teardrops.

Bow Stringer

Cord with two leather pockets that are different sizes used to string a recurve bow.

Bow Stave

A piece of wood used to make a bow.

Bow Square

T-Shaped device used to measure brace height, nocking point location and tiller.

Bowyer

Someone who makes bows.

Brace

To string a bow.

Brace Height

Shortest distance from the string to the pivot point of the bow when strung; in traditional archery terminology called Fistmele.

Bracer

Usually used to describe the leather arm guard used in traditional archery glossary.

Brash

Wood is called brash when it is brittle.

Broadhead

A large, flat, sharp-bladed hunting head.

Butt

A hillock or mound of earth or sod on which target faces are attached to be shot at.

C - Cables

The plastic covered steel cables or fastflight string material that connect the string via the cams or wheels to the opposite limb of a compound bow.

Cam

The pulley on the end of compound bow's limb used to provide let-off and power. They are elliptical shaped.

Cant

To hold the bow to the right or left while at full draw. Right or left cant is determined by the position of the top limb.

Carbon Fiber

Used in modern archery for the production of arrows and in some cases bow limbs.

Carriage Bow

A bow joined under the handle in a ferrule so it comes apart and makes for easy transportation.

Cast

The distance a bow can project an arrow. The ability of a bow to throw or cast an arrow.

Center Serving

The protective winding on the center of the string where the arrows are nocked.

Centershot Bow

A bow with the riser cut out past the bow's center line.

Chested Arrow

An arrow is chested when it is thickest toward the nock end and tapers to the pile and nock.

Chrysal (crisal)

A crushed line of fibers running across the grain, usually in the belly of a bow.

Clicker

A device used to indicate an archer is at their optimum draw length.

Clout

A small white faced target with a black bull's eye used in archery-golf and clout shooting.

Clout Shoot

An archery game where arrows are shot at an arc toward a 15 meter diameter target laid out flat on the ground at distances of up to 180 meters.

Cock Feather

A differently-colored fletch that indicates proper arrow alignment; also referred to as an Index feather. The feather placed at right angles to the nock. Usually of a different color from the other two.

Composite Bow

A bow made from laminating multiple layers of varying materials together.

Compound Bow

A modern bow that uses a system of cables and pulleys to gain leverage and reduce holding draw weight.

Creep

Letting the arrow move slightly forward before the release; not maintaining full draw. Usually caused by the loss of shoulder and/or back muscle tension.

Crest

Markings on an arrow used for identification or design. The decoration on an arrow. Each archer has his own color scheme which identifies his particular arrow.

Crown Dip

A color applied to the nock end of an arrow shaft, usually about 12 inches long, by dipping to which the cresting is applied.

Crossbow

A bow mounted on a stock, resembling a rifle, which shoots bolts or Quarrels. An old time weapon made with a short steel or horn bow set crosswise on a stock.

Crow Bill

An arrow head of horn, as used in Northern France.

Curl

A curl or swirl in the grain of a bowstave.

D - Dacron

A synthetic material used to make bowstrings.

Daikyu

A Japanese longbow.

Dead Release

A release where the drawing hand remains at the anchor point after releasing the bow string; No follow through by the drawing hand.

Dead Shaft

An arrow that has no life or spine. One that flies sluggishly.

Decurve Bow

A bow where the unstrung tips curve toward the archer.

Deflex Bow

A form of bow in which the entire length of the handle and arms curve toward the archer.

Die Cut Feather

A feather that has been cut to a particular shape using a cutting dye.

Director of Shooting

The official in charge who officiates archery rules during a tournament.

Down Wind

When the wind is on the archer's back.

Draw Check

A device fitted to a compound bow so the archer can maintain a consistent draw length.

Draw Length

The distance, measured in inches, from the pivot point of the bow to the slot in the arrow nock when at full draw.

Draw Weight

The number of pounds of force required to draw a bow twenty-eight 28" inches in traditional archery terminology; the maximum number or pounds of force required, often adjustable, to draw a modern compound bow before it lets-off.

Drawing

In archery terms, drawing is the act of pulling an arrow and bow string in preparation of shooting.

Drawing Fingers

The fingers used in pulling a bow—the first three of the drawing hand.

Drawing Hand

The hand that draws the bow string back to the anchor point.

Drift

The drift to either side of a mark caused by a cross wind.

E - End

A round of arrows shot during an archery event, usually 3 to 6 arrows. Six arrows shot one after the other is an end.

English Longbow

A powerful medieval bow; also known as the Welsh longbow.

Eye

The loop at one or both ends of a bowstring.

F - Face

The side of the bow that faces the bow string. Historically it was called the belly.

FastFlight

A synthetic material used to make bowstrings. Breaking strain = 95 lbs./strand. Minimal stretch ensures consistency. It is a slippery material that requires specific serving to be used in conjunction with it.

FastFlight S4

A composite of Polyester 'Spectra' (FastFlight) and 'Vectran' materials used to make bowstrings. Breaking strain = 160 lbs./strand. Due to its strength, less strands are required to make a bowstring, so it is lighter and faster.

Fiberglass

Used in modern archery equipment for the production of both bows and arrows.

Field Archery

Shooting at targets of unmarked distances in an open field.

Field Captain

The official in charge of an archery tournament.

Field Tip

A practice head for targets or small game hunting.

Finger Pinch

When your finger is pinched against the nock or arrow by the bow string when pulling the string back.

Finger Tab

A small leather patch to protect the archer's fingers. Also called a Tab.

Finger Tips

Leather stalls or protectors for the three tips of the shooting fingers.

Fistmele

The proper distance between the handle of a bow and the bow string when the bow is strung. It is an Old Saxon measurement. The distance from the base of the hand when clenched to the tip of the extended thumb.

Flatbow

A non-recurved bow with a rectangular cross section.

Flax-linen

A natural material bowstring, used in medieval times and now used on re-enactment longbows.

Flemish String

A twisted string that consists of two separate bundles of string, normally two different colors, hand twisted together.

Fletch

Putting the feathers on an arrow.

Fletching

The stabilizing fins or vanes of an arrow, each individual fin is called a fletch.

Fletching Jig

A device used to hold the arrow shaft in place and correctly locate and align the application of the fletching.

Fletching Clamp

The part of a fletching jig that clamps to the fletch as it is being attached or glued to the arrow shaft.

Fletcher

The person that makes and attaches fletching for arrows. An arrow maker.

Fletch-tite

A clear glue used to apply fletching and nocks to the arrow shaft. It sets quickly and remains slightly elastic (not brittle) to resist repeated shock and vibration.

Flex

In archery terms, flex refers to the amount of "bend" an arrow shaft provides; contrasted with Spine.

Flight Arrow

An arrow used in Flight Shooting. Usually very light and very stiff and fitted with very small fletching to reduce wind drag.

Flight Bow

A very strong bow specifically made for flight shooting. Draw weight can exceed 100 lbs. An arrow used for distance shooting. It is long and light and has very small feathers.

Flight Shooting

A form of archery designed around attaining the longest distance able to be shot with a bow or to see how far you can send an arrow.

Flinching

Moving the bow arm and/or drawing hand just before the release.

Flipper Rest

An elevated rest attached to the riser of the bow. It flips out of the way of the fletching when the arrow moves forward after being released.

Flirt

An arrow flirts when it jumps out of its steady line of flight.

Flu-Flu Arrow

A specially designed short-range arrow. Usually has very large fletching.

Follow the String

When a bow takes a set or bend in the drawing direction, it is said to have a set or to follow the string.

Follow Through

Movement, or lack of movement, of the drawing hand/arm and bow arm after the release.

Foot

The piece of hardwood spliced to an arrow shaft.

Footed Arrow

An arrow with a shaft made of two types of wood. An arrow which has been footed with a piece of hardwood at the head end.

Foot Markers

Lines, golf tees, stacks or other devices that indicate the archer's foot positions at the shooting line.

Free Style

A method of shooting using a bow-sight to aid the archer in aiming.

Freeze

Inability to move the sight to the desired position while at full draw, or inability to release.

Fret

The same as a crisal.

Full Draw

The position of the archer when the bow string has been drawn and the drawing hand is at the anchor point.

G - Glove

Protective gear for an archer's fingers, often referred to as a shooting glove.

Grip

To hold the bow, used in reference to holding the bow, too tightly; the handle of the bow held by the archer.

Ground Quiver

A device, generally metal, pushed into the ground to hold arrows and/or bow.

Group

The pattern of arrows in the target.

Gungdo

The name given to the Korean art of the sport in archery terminology.

H - Handle

The center part of the bow, not including the limbs. Where the bow is held when being shot.

Hankyu

A short Japanese bow.

Head

The tip or head of the arrow.

Heel

Exerting pressure with the heel of the bow hand on the lower part of the grip during the shot.

He! He!

The call of ancient archers. We get our "Hey, Bill" from it. Used the same as "fore" in golf.

Hen Feather

One of two like-colored vanes on an arrow, they are not the index feather.

High Braced

When the distance between handle and string of a strung bow is over seven inches. It is better to high brace a bow than low brace one.

Holding

The slight pause just before you let loose the arrow.

Home

An arrow is home when it is fully drawn and ready to be shot.

Horns

The tips of a bow made of cow, steer or stag horns in which the notches for the string are cut.

Horse Archer

An archer mounted on a horse.

I - Index Fletch

A differently-colored fletch used for proper arrow alignment. Commonly referred to as a Cock fletch or Cock feather.

Insert

An arrow part that accepts the screw in point or the nock.

IBO (organization)

International Bowhunting Organization. Former name of the ATA (The Archery Trade Association).

J - Jointed Bou

A carriage or two piece bow.

Judo Points

A target and small-game head equipped with spring wires for easy location.

K - Kevlar

As an archery term Kevlar is a synthetic material used to make bowstrings. Very strong and light material, but has no stretch, which causes more shock to the limb tips. Some bows cannot use Kevlar bowstrings. Limited life-span of this material when used for bowstrings as it will break due to repeated bending.

Kick

A bow is said to kick when a jar is felt after a shot. It is due to unevenly tillered limbs.

Kisser

A button used to aid in locating your anchor point, giving the archer a consistent vertical distance when drawing a bow. Almost always used with the lips, and also called a kisser button.

Kyudo

The Japanese art of archery.

Kyudo Arrows

Traditional arrows used in Kyudo Archery. These arrows are over 1 meter, 40" inches, in length and fletched with traditional feathers.

Kyudo Bow

A Japanese longbow, approx. 2 meters, 79" inches, in length. The "grip" is about one third the distance from the bottom tip of the bow. The bowstring is drawn using a shooting glove fitted with a thumb groove for the string to sit in. The drawing hand is pulled back until over the rear shoulder and the bowstring is released by relaxing the thumb, allowing the bowstring to slip out of the groove.

L - Laminated Bow

A bow made of several layers of different material glued together, usually two layers of fiberglass with a hardwood core.

Launcher Rest

A style of arrow rest used on compound bows. Can be a one-piece flat metal prong with a "v" groove for the arrow to rest in or can be two round metal prongs set apart to accommodate the size of the arrow.

Left-handed Archer

An archer who holds the bow in the right hand and draws with the left hand to bring the arrow back to the left dominant eye.

Left-handed Bow

A bow with the sight window cut out on the right hand side when viewed from the string side, face, of the bow.

Let-off

The reduction in draw weight of a compound bow, when pulled to full draw.

Level

A small level, usually located in the bow sights, to indicate when the bow is being held vertical.

Limbs

The energy storing, bending or flexing, parts of the bow above and below the riser.

Limb Dampeners

A "mushroom" shaped rubber form attached to the limbs of a bow to reduce the vibrations in the limbs after the release.

Limb Pocket

A recessed slot in the top and bottom of the riser, shaped to fit the ends of the bow limbs and maintain correct limb alignment.

Limb Twist

A failure in the bow limb where the bow tip turns away from aligning with the bowstring.

Longbow

A tall bow without a significant recurve. Considered to be the true Traditional archery bow. Any bow of 5'6" in length or over.

Loop

The woven or served looped ends of the bowstring that fit in the bow nocks or teardrops when the bow is strung.

Loose

The act of shooting an arrow from a bow. It is commonly called Release. To let go the string with the shooting fingers; to shoot the arrow.

M - Mass Weight

The actual weight of the bow.

Mechanical Broadhead

A broadhead with two or more blades, which open on impact, usually used for hunting.

Mechanical Release

An aid used to grip the string and then release it. Often called a Release aid or simply Release.

Mounted Archer

An archer mounted on a horse

Mongolian Draw

Drawing a bow with one's thumb. Also called a Mongolian release.

N - National Field Archey Society

The NFAS fosters and promotes Field Archery as a sport. Their courses are unmarked (unknown distances) and often situated in woodland. NFAS targets are predominantly 3D or paper animal faces.

Note: All National Field Archery Society members have a responsibility to use equipment that complies with current NFAS Official Archery Rules.

Nock

A nock is part of an arrow and one of the necessary items in archery equipment. The notch at the rear end of an arrow; the act of setting an arrow in to the bow, "to nock an arrow". The grooves cut in the wood of the bow itself or in horn, fiber or metal tips, in which the loop of the bowstring fits. The notch in arrows.

Nocking Pliers

Special pliers used to install or remove brass string nock sets.

Nocking Point

The point on a bow string where the arrow is nocked or placed when you are ready to shoot.

Nock Set

A small brass attachment added to the string to mark the nocking point.

O - Overbowed

A bow too strong for its user.

Overdrawn

As an archery term is a condition in which a bow string is too short for the bow; fistmele is exceeded.

Overshoot

To shoot beyond your mark.

Overstrung

When the string is entirely too short for the bow.

P - Pair

An archer's pair has come to mean three, i.e., two arrows and a spare is a pair of arrows. Three feathers are called a pair.

Parabolic Fletch

A feather or vane that has a rounded shape to the back, nock, end.

Peak Weight

The maximum draw weight of a compound bow. Adjustable on modern compound bows.

Peep Sight

Also known as string peep. An aperture in a small round piece of plastic or metal which is set between the strands of the string above the nocking point to sight through in line with the bow sight for aiming a compound bow.

Petticoat

The rim of the target. It is outside the last or white ring, and has no value in the count.

Pile

The head of an arrow - its point.

Pin

A small black knot in yew or osage.

Pinch

The same as crisal.

Pin Hole

The exact center of the gold of a target.

Pivot Point

In archery glossary the pivot point is normally the physical center of the bow.

Pluck

Pulling the string away from the face in any other direction upon release, an incorrect follow-through - 'Plucking the string'.

Plunger Button

A device used to correct an arrow's flex at the point of release.

Point

The front end of an arrow; also known as the arrowhead, head or tip.

Point Blank

The range is said to be point blank when the arrow flies flat to the mark.

Q - Quarrel

In archery terms, a quarrel is a crossbow projectile; also called a bolt.

Quiver

A container for arrows. It may be attached to the bow, placed on a belt, or carried on your shoulder or back as well as placed on the ground. A receptacle for holding arrows.

They are of various shapes, sizes and materials. Some are worn at the waist and some at the shoulder.

R - Recurve Bow

A form of bow in which the unstrung tips curve away from the archer.

Reflex Bow

A form of bow in which the entire length of the handle and limbs curve away from the archer.

Release

The act of firing an arrow from a bow; Letting go of the string. Sometimes called 'loose' and one of the common terms used in archery.

Release Aid

When used in bow and arrow terminology, the release aid is a mechanical device for releasing an arrow.

Rest

A device used to hold the arrow against the handle until it is released; An Arrow rest.

Right-handed Archer

An archer who holds the bow in the left hand and draws with the right hand to bring the arrow to the right dominant eye.

Right-handed Bow

A bow with the sight window cut out on the left hand side when viewed from the string side, face, of the bow.

Riser

The handle section of a Bow.

Robin-Hood

An archer of legend who lived in Sherwood Forest; A term given to two arrows shot end to end, the second arrow embedded into the rear of the first. Happens rarely, so the arrows are usually kept as a trophy.

Round

The shooting of a definite number of arrows at specified target faces from set distances.

Rover

One who indulges in field shooting or rovers.

Roving

The act of shooting over fields and woodland with no particular target-stumps, trees, bunches of leaves, etc., being the marks.

Run

When one of the strands in a bowstring lets go the string is said to have a run.

S - Safety Arrow

Arrow with wide tip or padded head used for reenactments.

Sap Wood

The wood right under the bark. It is white in yew, about the same color as the heartwood in both osage and lemonwood.

Scope Sight

A bow sight with a magnifying lens.

Self Arrow

An arrow of only one piece of wood.

Self Bow

A bow made from a single piece of material, normally wood, and homemade. A single stave.

Serving

Extra thread wound around a bow string in order to support the main fiber. Usually in the center of the string, where it will be gripped, and also at the loop ends. Whipping or winding with thread.

Serving Jig

A device that holds the serving thread and maintains consistent tension as the thread is wrapped around the bowstring.

Shaft

A shaft is one of the common archery words relating to the main structural element of an arrow. Can be made of wood, aluminum, carbon or a combination.

Shaftment

That portion of the arrow to which the feathers are glued.

Shake

A crack in a bowstave running lengthwise with the grain.

Shooting Glove

Protective gear for an archer's fingers and allowed in archery rules and regulations. A glove so made that the three shooting fingers have protection across the tips.

Shooting Line

A line parallel to and a specific distance away from the targets from which all archers shoot.

Sight Block

The movable part of the sight which holds the sight pin, aperture or scope.

Sight Window

The cut out section of the bow above the grip.

Sling

Strap fastened to either the bow or the archer's wrist or index finger and thumb, to prevent the bow from falling when shooting with a relaxed bow hand.

Snap Shooting

Releasing the arrow without pausing to aim carefully. Common for Instinctive shooting.

Spine

The stiffness of an arrow shaft; contrasted with Flex. Must be matched to the archer's set-up. That quality in an arrow that permits it to get around the bow and straighten itself efficiently. Spine is not stiffness alone, but some other elusive quality.

Stabilizer

A weighted rod or set of rods used to provide balance to a bow.

Stacking

A characteristic of bow performance where the force/draw curve rises more rapidly over the final part of the draw.

Stance

The position of the feet and body when addressing the target.

Stave

A strip of wood that a bow may be made from.

Steele

The shaft of an arrow; the body of the arrow.

String

A cord used to shoot a bow; to put the bow string on a bow in the proper position for shooting.

String Jig

An adjustable frame used to make bowstrings.

Stringer

When used in the traditional archery glossary of words, the stringer is a device used to aid in the stringing of a bow.

String Alignment

The placement of the string when at full draw in relation to the bow sight or the bow.

String Angle

The angle formed by the string at the nocking point when at full draw - also called pinch angle.

String Fingers

The fingers used to draw back the bow string.

String Hand

Drawing hand, the hand used to pull the bowstring.

String Height

Brace height or fistmele.

T - Tab

A small leather patch to protect the archer's fingers. Often called a Finger tab.

Tackle

An inclusive term for items in an archery equipment list. All the equipment of an archer—his bow, arrows, arm-guard, finger guards, quiver, etc.

Tackle Line

A line, set behind the shooting line, behind which is placed all such equipment which is not used during shooting - also called an equipment line.

Take-down Bow

A bow which can be taken apart, the limbs can be detached from the riser, for ease of traveling, storage and limb replacement.

Taper Tool

A tool used to taper wooden shafts for the nock and point.

Target

General term for the intended destination of a shot arrow.

Target Archery

Shooting at non-moving targets placed varying distances.

Target Captain

The person who decides who is to call the value of each arrow, record the scores and draw the arrows from the target.

Target Face

The paper which is attached to the butt and indicates the scoring areas.

Target Panic

A mental condition causing a loss of control in shooting form. Symptoms can include; aim freezing, snap shooting, flinching and trigger punching.

Target Point

Bullet-shaped practice head for targets. Also called a target tip.

Target Shooting

Competitive event or practice that tests the archer's proficiency.

Thumb Ring

Protective ring for an archer's thumb. Common in Asian archery.

Tiller

To shape the limbs of an unfinished bow for even bending. The reaction of the limbs whereby the nock ends propel the arrow in a straight line by moving an equal distance in equal time to return to brace height by means of the various stresses in the top and bottom limbs with compensation for the bowhand pressure below and the arrow axis/center line above the center of gravity of the bow.

Tip

The front end of an arrow; also known as the arrowhead or point.

Torque

Any rotation or twisting motion of the bow in the horizontal plane.

Toxophilite

A devotee of archery. One who loves, studies and practices archery.

Trigger

The mechanism in a crossbow to release the bowstring. To release the bowstring using a release aid.

Tune

To adjust the arrow rest, pressure button, string height and nocking point height to achieve good arrow flight out of the bow.

Turn

A bow is turned when it has a twist to right or left of the string.

U - Ultralite

A model of aluminum arrow made by "Easton".

Underbowed

Too weak a bow for the archer.

Upshot

A final round or return end. A reckoning.

V - Vane

The stabilizing fin of an arrow. Usually referring to a plastic fletch. A piece of a feather.

V-bar

A short extender fitted between the riser and long stabilizer that allows two short stabilizers to be added as a counter balance to the long stabilizer. Helps resist twisting reactions from the bow hand.

W - Wand

A wand is a stick which is set up as a mark to shoot at.

Wand Shoot

An archery event in which arrows are shot at a slat of soft wood that is typically 6' tall and 2" wide.

Weight

In actual grains, the weight of an arrow. The number of pounds pull a bow has.

Welsh Longbow

A powerful medieval bow; also known as the English longbow.

Whip Ended

A bow is said to be whip ended when it is too thin or weak at the tips.

Whipping

Whipping is a wrapping with thread to protect the loop and the middle section of a bowstring.

Windage

The adjustment of the bow sight or the pin on the bow sight to allow for the wind deflecting the arrow.

Windlass

A medieval device to pull the bowstring back on a crossbow.

Wood

The earliest material used for the construction of bows and arrows.

X - X7

A model of aluminum arrow made by "Easton".

XX75

A model of aluminum arrow made by "Easton".

X10

A model of aluminum/carbon arrow made by "Easton".

Y - Yabusame

A type of mounted archery practiced in Japan.

Yew

A type of wood, European evergreen tree, traditionally used to make bows.

Yumi

An asymmetric Japanese bow; includes both long and short varieties (daikyu and hankyu).

Yarn Tassel

A large tuft of yarn that is used to wipe mud and dirt from arrows.

Z - Zone

Archery Zone is a shop selling new and used bows, accessories, custom strings, new and used Stihl products, Stihl parts and accessories.

Archery Terminology and Definitions Glossary A-ZWe listen to your comments and appreciate your support. Please like and share this page on Facebook if you found the archery terminology useful. Did we miss any archery terms or definitions?

Archery Terms Glossary of Words A-Z used by Players and Officials in the United Kingdom