This guide explains what to expect if you get sent to a prison in the United Kingdom. Find further information on UK prison rules and regulations, and privilege rights of prisoners.
PRISON RULES UK: What happens when a prisoner arrives at a prison?
All prisoners get an interview and an assessment when they first arrive at a prison.
The interview ensures that the prisoner understands:
Every prisoner gets issued a prison number and their property gets recorded in a log. Personal items get stored somewhere safe at the detention center until they leave prison.
Each prisoner is given a prison security category which gets based on:
Note: Any prisoner can get transferred to another jailhouse with a different security category at any time.
Prisoner privileges are for prisoners who follow prison rules and regulations. The 'Incentives and Earned Privileges Scheme' means a prisoner may:
Note: Prison privileges vary between different prisons in the United Kingdom. The staff will explain how their particular scheme works.
As a rule, prisoners who break prison rules and regulations get punished.
Punishment inside a jail can mean:
As a rule, all prisoners should be able to spend 30 minutes to one hour in the open air outside each day. Other rights of prisoners includes:
Prisoners receive the same healthcare and treatment as anyone living outside of prison. The treatment is free but it must get approved by a prison doctor or by a member of the healthcare team.
Even though prisons in the United Kingdom do not have hospitals, many have medical equipment and in-patient beds. Most medical problems get dealt with by the healthcare team based at the lockup. In extreme cases the staff may also:
Note: A healthcare team can ask to see a prisoner's family doctor medical records. But, they can only do this if the prisoner agrees to it.
In some cases, prisoners can get specialist support such as if they have:
Prison rules and regulations mean prisoners can refuse medical treatment. But, the healthcare team can choose to provide medical treatment in cases where the prisoner is incapable of making decisions themselves.
As a rule, the healthcare team will discuss the matter with the prisoner's family first. An example would be where the convict has a mental health condition.
Prison staff receive training to identify vulnerable prisoners. In particular, they will spot those who are at risk of bullying, self-harm, and suicide.
In some cases the prisoner can get their own case manager to ensure that they:
Many prisons have 'listener schemes'. These offer confidential emotional support for people who are finding prison life in the UK difficult. Often, listener scheme support comes from fellow prisoners and other inmates.
A prisoner can get transferred to a secure psychiatric hospital for the sake of their own safety. But, this only happens when they meet certain conditions under the Mental Health Act 1983.
Note: Prisoners get returned to their original prison when their condition improves.
In cases where you have concerns or feel worried about a prisoner:
Note: Some prisons run confidential Safer Custody hotlines. That means you can leave a message explaining your concerns.
Women who give birth inside a prison can keep their baby for the first 18 months. They will both spend some prison life in a mother and baby unit.
If you are a prisoner with a child under 18 months old, you can apply to bring your child to prison with you.
Social Services arrange for children who are over 18 months old to get cared for. In most cases it will be by the prisoner's parents, or by fostering services.
Note: Arrangements are normally made for the child to be cared for outside of prison for prisoners with sentences of 18 months or over.
You can search online to find a prison or prisoner but these prisons have mother and baby units:
Many pregnant women in prison do not pose a high risk of harm to the general public. Hence, some will be released from custody 'temporarily' to protect them and their unborn children from coronavirus.
The same temporary release applies to prisoners and their children in Mother and Baby Units - providing they meeting the same risk assessment.
Once they pass a risk assessment, prison governors can grant their release on temporary licence. Part of the process also involves finding suitable accommodation for the women.
Most prisons offer courses to help prisoners learn new skills. Examples include using computers, learning to read and write, and how to do basic maths.
You might also have an opportunity to learn engineering, woodworking, or gardening. The prison 'Individual Learning Plan' lists the courses and training available.
Generally, the courses lead to qualifications recognised by employers outside prison. Examples include GCSEs or NVQs. In some cases life in prison may also include a distance learning course such as Open University.
Most prisoners can work in prison while they carry out their sentence. They can a chance to work in electrical engineering or make clothes and basic furniture.
These tasks are part of prison workshops and, as a rule, prisoners get paid for this type of work. In some cases, working in prison can include jobs at the detention center (e.g. in laundries and kitchens).
Note: UK prison rules and regulations allow a 'low-risk' prisoner to work among, and join, general community activities.
Prison Life in the UK: Outline of Jail Rules and Regulations in the United Kingdom