Does the public have rights for photographing or filming on duty police officers? In fact, any member of the public or media crews can film and photograph incidents in public places.
CAN YOU FILM POLICE UK: This page explains your rights for filming the police during a stop and search.
The police have no power to stop you filming or photographing officers on duty. Recording film footage on a police incident, or taking photographs of their actions, is not illegal.
But, you must follow some basic guidelines if you choose to film police officers or law enforcement personnel.
Ofcom statistics show 71% of adults own and use a smartphone in the United Kingdom.
That means the majority of the public have a camera on their mobile phone. So more people are filming on duty police officers during a stop and search procedure.
The information in this guide highlights how your film footage can make a difference in law. It also points out the value of using genuine film footage as potential evidence.
Any member of the public can film a police officer on the streets without asking permission. There is no UK law stopping anyone filming activities in a public place.
All police forces in Great Britain adopt the Metropolitan Police guidelines on photography. Their official advice clarifies the point.
"The police have no power to stop you filming or photographing incidents or police personnel".
The law states that police officers can stop you filming them if they believe the video will get used for purposes of terrorism.
A simplified definition of terrorism is 'a coerced unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property'.
But, police guidelines state that using this law too often could be unlawful. For Example: If Section 58A got used to arrest people photographing police officers in the course of normal policing activities.
Note: This does not apply when you stop to film the police stopping and searching people.
It can often be a humiliating experience any time you are dealing with a police encounter. This is especially so if you are the victim of a police stop and search operation.
If you plan to film the person who got stopped it is pertinent to ask them to agree to you recording the incident. You can assure them that you are only filming the actions of the police.
The police may ask you to stop filming saying that it 'breaches the privacy' of the individual who is getting searched and questioned.
That is another reason to ask "I am here to ensure the police do not do anything to you that they are not supposed to do. Do you approve that I can record what the police officers are doing to you?"
It is always better if more than one person is filming the police officers on duty. You can choose between videoing the officers conducting the stop and search or having the other person film the cameraman.
Police officers never want incriminating footage of them if they make an unlawful act. In some cases it could leave you as a target. So you should be mindful of this when you are recording police officers on duty in case they try to arrest you.
Try these simple tips when you use a phone camera for filming police officers on duty. You will capture better video footage if you:
What steps should you take after you finish filming on duty police officers? First you must keep all footage safe and get it backed up as soon as possible.
It is also a good idea to swap details with the person getting the stop and search treatment (if they get released). That means you can then forward film footage to them in case they need it later.
Netpol seeks to monitor protest, public order and community policing. Especially if it is excessive, discriminatory or threatens the civil rights of the public. You can let them know if you are uploading your police video to YouTube or Vimeo. E-mail [email protected]
Filming Police Officers On Duty During Stop and Search in the United Kingdom