The rules for the protection and management of countryside hedgerows fall under "The Hedgerows Regulations 1997" in the United Kingdom.
Use this guide to determine whether you can remove or work on a hedgerow, what restrictions are in place, and how to avoid an unlimited fine.
A line of bushes (can include tall trees) that forms a boundary or perimeter is a simplified definition of a countryside hedgerow.
The exact criteria for protected hedgerows is determined by the:
Note: Failing to follow the rules and regulations for removing or working on a protected hedgerow can result in an unlimited fine in the United Kingdom.
The classification of a protected hedgerow is one that measures:
As a rule, the hedgerow will be protected if it is either on or next to:
Important: Newly planted and established hedgerows inside, or marking boundaries of, private gardens are not protected.
In most cases, an established hedgerow for at least thirty (30) years will be classed as 'important' and protected if it (any):
To remove a countryside hedgerow in Britain or in Northern Ireland, it needs to be less than thirty (30) years old and you need to be (either):
So, before you start work, it is best to make sure you can remove a hedgerow 'legally' by discussing your plans with the local planning authority. The LPA is likely to be the local council authority, or:
LPAs can take up to forty two (42) days to make a response to a written notice to remove a hedgerow (including consulting with the relevant parish council).
Unless the parish council asks for an extended period to consider the proposal, the LPA will then issue (either):
If you get permission from the LPA to remove it you would get a maximum of two (2) years to complete the work (from the date of the written notice).
Note: Even though other interested parties can submit an objection about the removal (e.g. by contacting the LPA), you can go ahead and remove it if the LPA does not respond within the 42 day period.
You can appeal a hedgerow notice if you dispute the decision given to you by the local planning authority if they sent you (either):
The authorities may have placed restrictions on the hedge you want to remove. Thus, you must check if you can work on a hedgerow before you start working on it.
Your work must not harm any nesting birds or cause damage to their nests. Most wild bird species start nesting before the breeding season (e.g. 1st of March to the 31st of August).
You must check whether you need to apply for a felling licence. The LPA will confirm whether the hedgerow is in one of the conservation areas and whether there is a tree preservation order in place.
Note: The Forestry Commission provides more information about when you need to get a tree felling licence and what exemptions apply.
Do you get paid under the basic payment scheme? If so, you can check 'cross compliance' restrictions (managing hedgerows in the Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions guidance).
Wildlife crime officers (stationed at local police forces) will investigate illegal activities carried out against nesting birds. You should contact the police to report a suspected offence against nesting wild birds or their eggs.
The process for reporting what you believe is illegal hedgerow activity will depend on whether it is in one of the 'Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) schemes', such as:
Note: Call the Rural Payments Agency on [03000 200 301] or send an email to [[email protected]] if the hedgerow is in a CAP scheme.
Note: The main section about countryside rules in Britain and Northern Ireland contains more advice and information about protected areas and restrictions.
Protection and Management of Countryside Hedgerows in United Kingdom