There can be several ways to explain a miscarriage of justice definition. You can define the failure of a court or a judicial system to meet the ends of justice as a 'miscarriage of justice'.
But, perhaps the simplest definition is the law court conviction and punishment of an innocent person for a crime they did not commit.
MOJAS GUIDE: This page explains the procedures to claim compensation for a miscarriage of justice.
Did your conviction get quashed or overturned by a court of law? If so you can apply for compensation if any of these apply:
• You have been granted a free pardon
• Your appeal was successful and it got submitted 28 days or more after your conviction (or at least 21 days after a conviction in a magistrates' court)
• Your conviction got overturned after a referral to the Court of Appeal by the Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC)
Note: The online application for miscarriage of justice form is available in England and Wales only. A separate scheme exists in Scotland and in Northern Ireland.
Once you have applied you need to send the following to the Miscarriages of Justice Applications Service (MoJAS):
Post or email your documents to Miscarriages of Justice Applications Service (MoJAS).
Miscarriages of Justice Applications Service
Criminal Justice Group
Ministry of Justice
4th Floor, Post Point 4.21
102 Petty France
London SW1H 9AJ
Note: MoJAS can often get these documents from the Criminal Appeal Office or the relevant Crown Court.
There is also another way to apply. You can use the application for compensation after a miscarriage of justice form.
Miscarriage of Justice Compensation Claims; UK Rules Updated 2017