The UK Rules
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Victims of Modern Slavery

Compensating Victims of Modern Slavery

Being forced to work in unfair working conditions means you can claim compensation. The UK also compensates victims with injuries caused by modern slavery and human trafficking.

Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking

Forcing someone to do something they do not want to do is modern slavery. It can also be a form of human trafficking.

Cases often involve threats of violence and physical injuries caused by merciless beatings. Typical examples include:

Free help and confidential advice on modern slavery and human trafficking is available from several organisations, including:

Note: Human trafficking and modern slavery are both crimes in the United Kingdom. Do not hesitate to contact the police if you feel threatened by it or you become a victim.

Claiming Compensation for Victim Injuries

There are several ways for the victims of modern slavery to claim compensation in the United Kingdom. In some cases, a claim made through the court would be best. You may also qualify to claim through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA).

Note: A legal adviser can explain the different options available (e.g. The Law Society). They can also confirm whether you would have eligibility for legal aid to cover the costs.

Making a Civil Court Claim

A legal adviser can help you to make a 'civil claim' through the court. The compensation claim would be for the injuries you suffered. It also applies for victims who suffer psychological pain.

Note: As a rule, you need to make a claim of this type within three (3) years. You can also choose to make the claim yourself (without using a legal adviser). Use the application form N1 (civil procedure rules part 7).

Applying to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority

A claim for a payment from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority may also be an option. They handle cases of compensation for victims of violent crime in the United Kingdom. It may also apply if a friend or a family member died as a direct result of the crime.

You would need to get a Crime Reference Number by reporting the crime to the police before you apply. As a rule, you should make the claim within two (2) years of the incident.

Note: Making an application is free of charge and there is no requirement to use a legal adviser.

Compensation for Unfair Working Conditions

There are several grounds for claiming compensation for unfair working conditions. Being forced to work for free or to work for less than the current National Minimum Wage are the common ones. As a rule, you need to make a claim within three (3) months of the incident taking place or stopping work.

The same process applies if an employer fails to provide workers with adequate rest breaks at work. Employers must also make legal deductions from pay and not discriminate against their employees.

Note: A legal adviser can explain the different options available (e.g. The Law Society). They can also confirm whether you would be eligible for legal aid to cover the costs. You should follow these two steps:

  1. Inform Acas that you plan to make a compensation claim and get a 'conciliation certificate' from them.
  2. Make a claim to an employment tribunal either online or by postal methods.
Claiming Compensation for Victims of Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking in the United Kingdom