The influenza virus causes flu which takes hold very quickly and makes you feel ill for several days. It occurs most often in the winter time but there are ways to recognise and treat flu.
WHAT IS FLU? In fact, you can catch the flu virus (influenza) at any time of the year.
But, it is more prevalent in the winter months, peaking from December to March. That is also the reason why some people call it 'seasonal flu'.
As a rule, there are ways of treating the flu without visiting your GP. You should start to feel better within a week.
Cold and flu symptoms share some similarities. But, flu tends to make you feel more ill and can be more severe. So, how can you tell the difference between a common cold and flu virus?
Often, you can treat flu with home remedies. But, it is important to protect yourself and others from catching the illness. Getting the flu vaccine (if you qualify) can also help to prevent and reduce the spread of influenza.
The symptoms of flu include:
Note: Flu symptoms, treatment, and prevention vary to those of a common cold. A different group of viruses cause it which means a full recovery can take longer.
Symptoms of flu tend to peak within a few days and rarely last more than a week. Older people, and people with medical conditions, are among the most vulnerable. It can lead to serious illness if complications develop. It can also be life threatening in extreme cases.
Note: NHS offers an injected flu vaccine free of charge for people who are at most risk (e.g. pregnant women).
In most cases, flu develops into nothing more than a mild illness for five to eight days. So, you should be able to treat it at home. There are several ways to help speed up the recovery, including:
Note: Anyone with a high temperature or breathing difficulties should contact their GP. But, avoid attending an emergency department unless it is urgent and essential.
In most cases, a pharmacist will be able to give treatment advice and recommend the best flu remedies. Even so, certain circumstances increase the consideration for visiting your doctor (GP) or calling NHS 111, such as if:
You may need medication for some of these conditions. The medicine can treat or prevent further complications of flu. A doctor may also recommend taking antiviral medicine. This should reduce the symptoms and help speed up the recovery.
Note: GPs do not recommend taking antibiotics as a treatment for flu. They will not relieve the symptoms after catching the flu or speed up the recovery process.
Flu is one of the most infectious diseases and conditions that affect public health. Thus, it is very easy to spread the virus to other people (especially in the first 5 days).
An infected person can spread the germs in droplets of saliva when they cough or sneeze. Inhaling the droplets means you may get infected.
In fact, the germs can live on your hands and on some surfaces for up to 24 hours. So, if you are infected with flu try to avoid touching:
There are several simple steps you can take to help reduce the risk of spreading the flu virus. Effective influenza virus prevention methods include:
Flu Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention in the United Kingdom