The rules and regulations on food and drink labelling and packaging are strict in United Kingdom. Review how to label food packaging products and the legal requirements food businesses must follow.
The main purpose of food labelling regulation is to help protect consumers. Thus, all product labels must provide accurate and correct information.
Consumers need to make confident and informed food choices based on allergies, cost, diet, or personal taste.
Anyone who is selling food or drink products must ensure the label is:
Members of the public have a right to know that the food they buy matches the description given on its label. Part of consumer protection rights help to prevent misleading descriptions on foodstuffs.
Any deliberate mislabelling would be a type of 'food crime' and treated as criminal fraud. The law would still apply even if it does not pose any specific threat or breach the laws of food safety and hygiene.
It is an offence to 'falsely' advertise, describe, or present food. Food and drink labelling and packaging laws are 'multifaceted' in the United Kingdom. They help protect consumers against misleading descriptions and dishonest labelling practices.
As a rule, you would need to register a food business to sell food and drink products. You must also show some basic information and an ingredients list for the product. In some cases, it is a legal requirement to show certain food and drink warnings (details below).
Note: The United Kingdom applies special regulations for labelling wine and other products of the wine trade.
Product labelling requirements vary for catering businesses or for those who sell food loose or package it for sale in a shop. In this case, you would only need to show:
Note: Selling loose meat products (or those which contain mean products) to the public falls under a different set of rules in England.
Some shops and catering businesses will package food themselves. If so, the packaging must be suitable for close contact with foodstuffs. The international symbol for safe food packaging is a 'wine glass and a fork'.
Special rules apply when using ceramics, cellophane, or plastics for food packaging. You would need to have some written evidence that you complied with the regulations.
The written evidence is a 'declaration of compliance'. A packaging supplier would provide you with the declaration. Buying foodstuffs pre-packaged for sale in the same materials also requires a declaration of compliance.
Note: You can read the 'Materials and Articles in Contact with Food Regulations 2012'. It provides full legislation for England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales.
There are several voluntary food assurance schemes that you can join. For example, Red Tractor is a leading farm and food assurance scheme providing traceable, safe food that's farmed with care.
The Assured Food Standards symbol, and food assurance scheme members, are key. Customers know the food is produced to measurable standards (e.g. on animal welfare or food safety).
Certain snippets of information must be shown on food labels by law. Find out what quantity information needs to show, how to use the e mark, and special rules that apply for some foodstuffs.
Certain requirements apply to the listing of ingredients on food labelling in United Kingdom. Check how to list ingredient quantities and the regulations to follow when showing food and drink warnings.
Legislation covers nutrition and health claims, and supplement labelling on all pre-packed food products. Review basics of nutrition labelling and how to label products as organic food using organic certification.
A guide explaining basic food regulations for international transportation from the UK. Transporters must comply with import and export rules when labelling and handling food for international transport.
Food and Drink Labelling and Packaging Regulations in United Kingdom