How much Statutory Sick Pay you get depends on several factors. SSP rates get paid by your employer if they do not run company sick pay for their staff off work with illness.
SSP GUIDE: These guidelines explain the eligibility criteria and how to claim Statutory Sick Pay.
The amount you get paid if you are off sick is not a constant. Even though it is a legal entitlement, sickness pay benefit rates vary from one job to another.
Employers operate different types of company sick pay policies. But in some cases you may not qualify for their occupational sickness scheme.
That is why the government administers Statutory Sick Pay. It helps those who need to take time off from work because of illness.
As a rule you will get paid through the company sick pay scheme. But, if you cannot get it, your employer should still pay you SSP - providing you qualify.
Statutory Sick Pay is a weekly payment for those who are too ill to work. Your employer should continue paying SSP for up to 28 weeks.
Employees must receive at least the statutory amount. In some cases, they will get more if their company runs an 'occupational scheme'. Check your contract of employment for further details on company sickness pay.
Note: Different rules apply with agricultural sick pay for those working in farming or crofting.
UK employment laws state that those who qualify will get £89.35 a week Statutory Sick Pay. If your illness continues you can get SSP paid weekly for up to 28 weeks.
You get the statutory illness benefit only for the days that you would have worked. But, you cannot get it for any of the first 3 days you are away from work.
The exception would be for those who received SSP within the previous 8 weeks. In this case you may be eligible to claim SSP again if your illness returns.
Note: Statutory Sick Pay rates start on a Sunday for calculating weekly payments. Having more than one job means you are likely to get SSP from each of your employers.
As a rule your employer will pay SSP the same way as they do for your normal wages. In most cases that means the payment will be weekly or monthly. They will also deduct your any relevant tax and National Insurance from your pay packet.
You should first discuss the matter with your employer if you feel you are not getting the right amount of SSP. If that fails you can contact HM Revenue and Customs enquiry line.
There are some basic conditions to qualify for Statutory Sickness Pay. To meet the eligibility criteria, employees who are ill must:
Note: All agency workers have the same right for SSP and will have entitlement to Statutory Sick Pay. In some cases you may also qualify for SSP while you are taking a holiday from work.
Workers will not qualify for Statutory Sickness Pay if they:
Some people may still qualify even when they recently started working. In this case they may not have logged 8 weeks of pay. Your employer can help you with further information on this matter.
Having regular bouts of sickness may count as 'linked periods of sickness'. SSP linked periods occur when:
Note: You lose eligibility for SSP if a continuous series of linked periods lasts over 3 years.
In some cases you need to provide your employer with a fit note from a doctor. This is only necessary if you are taking sick leave from work and miss more than 7 days of job time.
What if you are not eligible to claim SSP or the payments are about to finish? In this case you might qualify for Employment and Support Allowance (ESA). Your employer should provide you with form SSP1:
You do this using form SSP1, which your employer will give you:
You must inform your employer that you are away from work because of an illness. You can use the employee's statement of sickness form SC2 to inform your employer.
In some cases they may request this in writing. But, you should do it before any contractual deadline date agreed with your employer.
Inform them within 7 days if you do not have any such agreement in your contract.
Your employer may be able to help if you are not satisfied with their decision. Discuss it with them if:
If that fails you can contact HM Revenue and Customs disputes and enquiry helplines.
HMRC Statutory Payment Dispute Team
Telephone: 03000 560 630
Textphone: 0300 200 3212
Monday to Thursday: 8:30am to 5pm
Friday: 8:30am to 4:30pm
UK phone call charges.
HMRC Employees' Enquiry Line
Textphone: 0300 200 3212
Monday to Friday: 8am to 5pm
Statutory Sick Pay: SSP Sickness Benefit Rates