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National Minimum Wage

UK National Minimum Wage 2018

This section explains employer responsibilities for paying the National Minimum Wage. All employers must ensure their workers receive the least amount due to them - according to their age.

NATIONAL MINIMUM WAGE UK: Even though the NMW rates 2018/19 relate to the Living Wage, the entitlements are not the same.

Employers must pay the current National Minimum Wage to avoid getting a penalty. Find out exactly who gets the minimum wage or the living wage.

This guide also explains how to deal with disputes at work over National Minimum Wage procedures and payments.

In simple terms, the least amount of hourly wage that workers should get depends on two overriding factors. That being their age, and whether they are working as an apprentice.

In the United Kingdom, it is irrelevant how many workers an employer employs. They must still pay the correct salary wage to all their workforce.

Definition of the National Minimum Wage (NMW) and the National Living Wage (NLW)

The NMW is the absolute least amount of pay per hour that the vast majority of workers have entitlement to. Whereas, workers over 25 years of age get the National Living Wage. The NLW is significantly higher than the National Minimum Wage in the UK.

UK National Minimum Wage Calculator

What is the UK National Minimum Wage calculator? It is a facility allowing employees to check they are receiving the correct amount from their employers.

The wage checker allows workers to verify that the correct National Minimum Wage, or the National Living Wage, is paid to them. You may also check if your employer owes you any back payments from previous years.

Wage Checker for Workers

If you are an employee you can check whether you:

Wage Checker for Employers

An employer can verify whether they:

Note: There is further guidance to help you work out the minimum wage for different types of work that you may be performing. You can contact the ACAS helpline or visit the ACAS Helpline Online. That will help you find out whether you should be getting the minimum wage. There is also further advice about the National Minimum Wage and the National Living Wage.

Who Receives the Minimum Wage?

What is the National Minimum Wage for a 16 year old worker in the UK? Workers who expect to get the National Minimum Wage must be at least school leaving age. This is further clarified as being the last Friday in June of the school year in which they turn 16 years old.

National Minimum Wage for 25 Year Old

National Minimum Wage Calculator and Pay Reference PeriodAs a rule, you must be 25 years or older to be eligible for the National Living Wage. Contracts for payments below the minimum wage are not legally binding.

Having worker status means you still have entitlement to the National Minimum Wage or National Living Wage, whichever is relevant. The correct minimum wage is a legal entitlement for workers who are:

Apprentices: National Minimum Wage for a 19 Year Old

Apprentices should get the minimum apprentice rate if they are under 19 years old. The same rule applies for those older than 19 and in the first year of their apprenticeship.

If you are over 19 and complete the first year of your apprenticeship, you are then entitled to the correct and current NMW for your age.

Not Entitled to the Minimum Wage

Types of workers who are not entitled to the National Minimum Wage or the National Living Wage include:

Internships and Work Experience

You cannot get the National Minimum Wage or National Living Wage if you are:

Voluntary Workers

If you can only get certain limited benefits (e.g. reasonable travel or lunch expenses) and you are working for a charity, a voluntary organisation or associated fund-raising body, or a statutory body, you get classed as doing voluntary work.

Minimum Wage Employment Law

Employer Checks

Laws make it a criminal offence for an employer not to pay the National Minimum Wage 2018 in the UK. The rules also apply to the National Living Wage or making fake salary payment records.

Employers must pay any arrears in salary immediately if you discover your worker got paid an amount below the correct minimum wage. The same applies if Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs finds that you have not been paying the correct rates.

The National Minimum Wage and UK Living Wage calculator helps you to work out any arrears which may be due to your workforce.

To enforce this law, HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) officers have the right to carry out checks at any time.

They can also ask to see your work related payment records. Receiving a complaint from a worker means they can investigate further into your business. This is likely to include your administration and accounting system.

This action may result in a fine and offending employers also risk getting named by the government. Thus, it is an employer's responsibility to keep records proving they pay the correct wage.

You can use your payroll records as proof. But remember that all payroll records must be available for inspection for three (3) years.

Pay Reference Period National Minimum Wage

A National Minimum Wage pay reference period is a length of time setting out how often someone gets paid. It is usually one week or one month. But, it cannot be more than 31 days.

Note: All workers must get paid for the time they worked inside their NMW pay reference period. The calculations for some basic wages are different for certain types of worker.

Included in Minimum Wage Calculations

Take note of this important point when using the NMW calculator. You should include certain salary payments in your wage calculation such as:

Not Included in Minimum Wage Calculations

Take note of this important point when using the NMW calculator. You should not include certain salary payments in your wage calculation such as:

Minimum Wage for 28 Year Old: Example

Jack is 28 years old and works 40 hours a week. He earns £7.83 per hour or £313.20 a week. He pays £15 a week to rent his uniform and the money is not refunded. He also chooses to eat in the canteen, and pays £20 per week for his meals.

To calculate his Acas minimum wage, Jack's employer must deduct the uniform rental from the pay but not the money paid for meals. This means Jack makes £298.20 per week (£313.20 minus £15) which is £7.45 per hour. This is below the minimum wage rate of £7.83.

HMRC National Minimum Wage Helpline

There is a specific complaint form for reporting information relating to the National Minimum Wage. It also relates to employment agencies, gangmasters, or working hours.

ACAS Minimum Wage Disputes at Work

You should discuss any dispute with your employer if you think your pay is below the correct and current National Minimum Wage rates. If the dispute does not get solved, you can ask to see your employer's payment records.

But, you must make this request in writing. It is wise to take a witness with you and by law you can make copies of the payment records.

Employers must pay back any arrears that they owe. Workers are also recommended to contact the confidential ACAS Helpline. The Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service may help you solve a payment dispute at work.

Employer Refusing Payment?

HMRC will send your employer a notice for the arrears. They may also send them a fine for not paying the Acas minimum wage.

This is more likely if they find that your employer has not paid or refusing to pay. HM Revenue and Customs can take your employer to court on your behalf if they still refuse to pay.

Employment Tribunals

All workers can choose to go to the employment tribunal themselves. What if you are a worker dismissed because of a minimum wage dispute? In this case you can also complain to the employment tribunal for unfair dismissal.

A Guide to the National Minimum Wage in the United Kingdom