The UK Rules
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Taxable Turnover

VAT Taxable Turnover Calculator for VATable Items

Running a business means identifying 'VATable items'. This guide has simple examples showing how to calculate VAT taxable turnover threshold.

CALCULATING VAT TURNOVER: Exactly what is the VAT threshold?

The total VATable sales value is the sum of everything you have sold, less any sales tax exempt items.

You must get VAT Registration if taxable turnover exceeds the current VAT turnover threshold. As a rule, this margin increases in April each year.

Unlike a calendar year (Jan 1 to Dec 31) or the government tax year (April 6 to the next April 5) it can be any 12-month period.

Reaching the UK VATable limit can occur in any 12 month rolling period.

For example: A trading period can start at the beginning of any month, such as the 1st of September to the 31st of August. It is not a fixed term!

Important Information iconThe current VAT threshold 2017 is £85,000. Any changes become effective from 1st of April each year. But, different thresholds apply for importing or exporting goods from EU countries.

What is VAT Taxable Turnover Definition?

Business income usually creates an amount of taxable turnover for VAT. It is this 'taxable turnover' VAT revenue which HMRC considers most relevant in the UK.

Taxable turnover for VAT applies when a business supplies goods or services with a VAT rate of 0% (or greater). HM Revenue and Customs terms these sales as 'supplies'. You must include these business sales and purchases in your VAT Return.

What if your business provides goods or services which are VAT exempt or 'out of scope'? In this case there is no need to include these items in a UK VAT Return.

VATable Items to Include in the VAT Threshold

Check whether you have exceeded the 12-month period threshold by adding up all your UK sales.

VATable Items for Taxable Turnover: Registering for Value Added Tax in the UKVATable sales items include:

VAT Exclusions United Kingdom
You should include zero-rated items in your threshold list. But, you can exclude products you sell outside of the UK and sales of VAT-exempt goods.

Going Over the VAT Threshold

VAT certification is law if your 12 month VATable turnover exceeds the threshold. But, you can apply for 'exception from registration' if you consider it to be a temporary 'blip' in turnover.

Thus, it is important to check your VAT turnover on a regular basis. Monthly is a good idea because late registration can lead to financial penalties.

Important Information iconThe time limit is 30 days to register if you expect the company turnover to be, or realise, over £85,000. Remember to exclude Vat-exempt goods in your calculations.

VAT Turnover Threshold for Previous Tax Years

You can check references on the Government historical information about VAT thresholds. This is useful if you think you should have registered in previous tax years. It can help if you are unsure whether you should have registered in previous years.

Backdating Claims for VAT

You can claim for VAT that you paid on goods before your registration. Time limits run from your official date of registration and they are:

Purchases must apply to your 'business purpose'. Businesses can only reclaim VAT on things bought if they are relevant to goods or services that the company sells.

You should make this reclaim on your first VAT Return. List the items you are reclaiming in Box 4 of the return form.

Note: Remember to keep invoice records and receipts with the description and purchase date. You will also need to show how they are relevant to your business.

Business Owners Also Asked...

What is Value Added Tax?
As a rule, most goods' suppliers and service providers must charge Value Added Tax. The tax is added to the pricing of most supplies and services.

What is the VAT Registration Threshold 2017?
UK threshold for registration was £82,000 in 2015 and April 2016 saw another increase to £83,000. The current VAT turnover threshold 2017/18 is £85,000.

How to Change VAT Registration Details?
You must notify HMRC of any changes to a VAT registered business. Changes you need to report include business contact information and bank details.

How to Correct VAT Errors and Make Adjustments?
Always adjust your most current Value Added Tax account. You must correct errors on a past return. But, you can only do this if the errors are not deliberate and below the reporting threshold.

How to Calculate VAT Taxable Turnover on VATable Items in Business