This information explains government National Insurance and tax after State Pension age. Check the age-related tax allowances and how to calculate tax if you continue working.
In most cases, once you reach State Pension age you do not need to pay National Insurance.
Note: The rules differ for those who are self-employed paying Class 4 NI contributions.
You would only pay Income Tax when you get a pension if your taxable income is higher than your tax-free allowances.
Your tax-free allowance is the amount of income allowed before you start to pay tax. This includes income from a private pension and the State Pension.
Paying National Insurance contributions qualifies you to claim certain welfare benefits and the State Pension.
Being employed means you pay Class 1 National Insurance contributions. It gets paid as a percentage of your earnings until you reach State Pension age.
Note: You must contact HM Revenue and Customs without delay any time you think you should pay taxation.
Several key changes take place once you get to the United Kingdom State Pension age:
Your employer may need to see proof of your age when you stop paying National Insurance. As a rule, you can use a birth certificate or a passport for this procedure.
What if you prefer not to let your employer see your birth certificate or your passport? In this case, you can get a letter from HM Revenue and Customs to show instead.
The letter from HMRC confirms you reached State Pension age and do not need to pay NI contributions. Write to HMRC explaining why you do not want to use your birth certificate or passport.
National Insurance Contributions and Employers Office
HM Revenue and Customs
Note: HMRC may not have a record of your date of birth. Thus, they may ask you to send one of the documents for verification. They also accept the process of certifying a document or a certificate of age exception (CA4140).
The Married Couple's Allowance is one of the age-related allowances you can claim. You must be married or in a civil partnership with at least one partner born before the 6th of April 1935. The age-related allowance gets taken off your tax bill and your income determines the amount deducted.
There is another age related allowance to reduce a tax bill on maintenance payments. It applies if you make maintenance payments to an ex-spouse or a civil partner providing:
How much can you get? Maintenance Payments Relief for the 2017 to 2018 tax year can reduce a tax bill by the lower of:
Note: Maintenance Payments Relief tax reductions do not apply to any voluntary payments.
You can apply for a NI refund on any contribution overpayments you paid to HM Revenue and Customs. The government site helps you claim back overpaid National Insurance payments.
In some cases you also can claim a tax refund. They are for cases where you had too much deducted from your pension or they got overpaid through your job.
Those who complete a tax return can correct mistakes and claim a refund when they file a Self Assessment.
People on a low income might qualify for tax-free interest. You may also get some tax back on savings interest.
National Insurance and Income Tax after State Pension Age in the United Kingdom