This guide explains how to claim the basic State Pension and the amount you might get when you reach the State Pension age. There is extra information how to increase your State Pension and advice about inheritance.
UK BASIC PENSION: If you are either of the following this guide does NOT apply to you:
If so, it is the 'new State Pension' guide that you need to read.
The UK Government pays the basic State Pension in regular payments. To qualify you must have:
If you have no gaps in your National Insurance record the current payment is £122.30 per week. There is an annual increase in the basic State Pension. The increase is the greater of the following:
The 'full' State Pension is £122.30 per week. If you have gaps in your National Insurance contributions or wish to receive above the 'full' amount, there are ways to increase your State Pension. To find out your current status you can apply for a detailed State Pension statement.
Note: Your State Pension may be taxable.
Your National Insurance number determines which day the government pays your basic state pension.
After you reach State Pension age your initial payment gets calculated at the end of the first four full weeks. This will not include the first week if it is not a complete 7 days.
An Example: Your National Insurance number ends in 30 so your payment day is Tuesday. You reach State Pension age on a Thursday. Your first payment gets made 4 weeks from the following Tuesday. It will not include payment from Thursday to Tuesday as this is less than a week. If you reached State Pension age on the Wednesday then this entitles you to the full week payment.
As a rule payments of your basic State Pension is every 4 weeks. These payments are made into an account you choose. Payments get paid 4 weeks 'in arrears'. That means the payments are for the previous four weeks and not the coming four weeks.
Note: Different rules apply to those who live outside of the United Kingdom.
If you reach State Pension age after 5th April 2016 then you need to claim the new State Pension. You cannot receive the basic State Pension until you reach State Pension age. There is no early payment scheme.
To qualify for the full basic State Pension you must have at least 30 full years of National Insurance contributions or credits. One or more of the following must apply to you for at least 30 years total:
Your basic State Pension will be less than £122.30 per week if you have less than 30 years. As a rule if you have gaps you can pay voluntary National contributions to top up to 30 years.
You are entitled to a qualifying year if, while you were working and paying National Insurance, you:
You may not have paid National Insurance contributions if you earned below £155 per week. If your earnings were between £155 and £112 a week from a single employer you might still qualify for the year.
Those who cannot work may qualify for National Insurance credits. Examples would include if you:
Note: In some cases you may have received Home Responsibilities Protection before April 2010.
What if you are not getting a 'full' basic State Pension or are ineligible? You may be able to 'top-up' from your spouse or civil partner's National Insurance contributions. The maximum is £73.30 per week. To qualify you must meet one of these rules:
The Adult Dependency Increase is no longer available if you are looking after your children or they are financially dependent on you. If you have been receiving the Adult Dependency Increase before 6th April 2010 you will continue to receive it until 5th April 2020 while you qualify for it.
What should you do if you want to receive a basic State Pension but do not qualify for the above groups? In this case you should be able to pay voluntary NI contributions.
The rules are different for these circumstances. For a full State Pension you will need more than 30 years to qualify. You will also need a minimum number of years to receive any basic State Pension.
|Your Circumstances||Years Needed for Full State Pension||Years Needed for any State Pension|
|Men born before 6 April 1945||44||11|
|Women born before 6 April 1950||39||10|
If you are a transsexual your gender may affect your State Pension if you:
If you legally changed your gender and started claiming State Pension after 3rd April 2005 you do not need to do anything. This is because you are already claiming based on your legal gender.
Note: More information is available from the Gender Recognition Team on the government publications.
You do not automatically get your State Pension. You need to apply to receive it. As a rule they send you a letter 4 months before your eligibility to claim the basic State Pension. The letter informs you how to claim.
If you have not received this letter you should contact the State Pension claim number. They will know your options on making your claim. There are 4 ways to make your claim:
State Pension Claim Line
Telephone: 0800 731 7898
Textphone: 0800 731 7339
Monday to Friday: 8am to 6pm
Check the cost of UK phone calls.
Note: Different rules apply for those claiming pensions in Northern Ireland.
If you continue working after retirement age you can still make your claim for the basic State Pension.
You may want to increase your basic State Pension if you:
To be eligible for the 'full' basic State Pension you must have 30 years of National Insurance contributions. What happens if your National Insurance statements show you have gaps? In this case you can usually make voluntary National Insurance contributions to increase your pension.
One way to increase your State Pension payments is to defer it. When you decide to claim your State Pension it will increase by 1% for every 5 weeks deferred. So if you decide to define your State Pension for one year your payment would have increased by 10.4%. You can claim the extra amount to increase future State Pension payments or as a lump sum.
You can apply for the State Pension top up until April 2017. The maximum you can add is £25 per week. When you retire you can claim the top up back in one of two different methods:
Consider making voluntary NI contributions to fill the gaps before you decide to make any State Pension top ups. Please read the government guidance booklet. It will help to decide if a State Pension top-up is right for you.
You may qualify or 'top up' to £73.30 per week through your spouse's (or civil partner) National Insurance contributions. Check the eligibility section above. If you are on a low income you qualify for Pension Credit. You may also get Additional State Pension eligibility.
What happens if you pass away and your spouse or civil partner is over pension age? In this case they need to contact the Pension Service for claimant advice over their entitlement to your State Pension.
If they do not receive the full basic State Pension they may be able to use your qualifying years to increase their State Pension. The rules are different if your spouse or civil partner has not reached State Pension age.
When they claim their State Pension, your qualifying years will be calculated into their payments. This only applies if, when they reach Pension age, they have neither remarried nor have a new civil partnership.
Your estate can claim up to 3 months State Pension providing you were single, divorced, or your civil partnership dissolved.
Your spouse or civil partner may claim a lump sum or extra payments if you defer your State Pension. If your deferment was less than 12 months then they are only entitled to extra State Pension. They cannot apply for a lump sum payment.
If your deferment was more than 12 months then they are entitled to extra State Pension or a lump sum payment. This only applies if, when they reach Pension age, they have neither remarried nor have a new civil partnership.
If you die within 90 days of the top up, they will refund your estate with the topping up contributions you made. Likewise, they will deduct any top up payments that you claimed for.
Your spouse or civil partner inherits your basic State Pension after 90 days. Your estate can claim for up to 3 months of your pension in the absence of a spouse or civil partner. The rules for Additional State Pension apply.
If anything changes in your circumstances you must inform the Pension Service. The changes can include if you:
The Basic State Pension Guide for Retirees in the United Kingdom