The result of the Brexit referendum has not changed the rights and status of UK nationals in the EU. Likewise the rights and status of EU nationals in the UK remains unchanged.
Can you claim the UK State Pension while living abroad? You must have paid enough National Insurance contributions to claim the basic State Pension.
Even though different rules apply, you can still claim your pension while you live overseas.
Applying for a detailed State Pension statement gives you the current status. It informs you how much State Pension you might receive.
Note: The deadline for European Union (EU) citizens and their families to apply to get settled or pre-settled status in the UK will be 30 June 2021.
To claim your State Pension you must be within four (4) months of retirement age. There are two ways to claim your pension:
You need to decide which bank and country you want your pension to go into. You cannot have your pension paid into different countries at different times of the year.
You can have your State Pension paid into:
The types of accounts used most often include:
What if you have an overseas account? You should get International Bank Account Number (IBAN) and Bank Identification Code (BIC) numbers. Pension payments are made in local currency (the currency of the country you live in).
Note: The actual amount you receive may fluctuate due to exchange rate variations.
British State Pension abroad rules allow a payment either once every four (4) weeks or once every thirteen (13) weeks. So, you can choose to have your State Pension paid monthly or quarterly.
You will only receive one payment per year if your State Pension is under £5 a week. This annual payment falls in December.
A US company processes pension payments. That means a bank holiday in America may affect the payment date of your pension. It usually means your payment will arrive one working day later than normal.
You qualify for the State Pension yearly increase only if you live in one of the following countries.
If you are in any country outside of this list you will not receive the yearly increases. But, your pension will increase to the current State Pension rate if you return to live in the United Kingdom.
What if you are in retirement and considering moving abroad? The International Pension Centre has advice about the impact on your pension.
As a rule, those in a non-resident classification do not need to pay UK tax on your pension. But, you may need to pay tax in the country where you live.
In some cases you may have to pay both UK and the residing country's tax. This occurs most when there is no 'double taxation agreement' with the United Kingdom.
You must inform the International Pension Centre of any changes in your circumstances. You can choose to call them or contact them by post. But, they do not accept email notification about changes in your circumstances. Common circumstantial changes include:
There are checks conducted to ensure your eligibility for the UK State Pension abroad. The checks include a 'life certificate form' issued by the Department for Work and Pensions. If you receive the DWP form, fill it, have it witnessed, and then return the form by post to DWP.
In this case your witness:
Your State Pension payments may get suspended if you do not return the completed form.
Call the Pension Service if you are returning to the UK. You will need to provide them with your return date and your UK and overseas contact details. Remember to contact HM Revenue and Customs and inform them of your return to Great Britain.
UK State Pension Abroad: What Happens If You Retire Overseas?