UK employers and employees sometimes use a process known as 'vetting' to help identify and manage national security risks.
For example, some types of 'sensitive roles' can create security concerns, such as job placements with access to sites considered as high risk.
Holding a security clearance, acquired through the vetting process, establishes a layer of trust between employees and their employers.
Often, having confidential conversations are enough to begin an ongoing dialogue about managing risks within an establishment.
But, once vetted for national security purposes, it would last for the full duration while that person holds the security clearance.
The United Kingdom Security Vetting (UKSV) delivers all vetting services in Britain. It is part of the Government Security Function and the Cabinet Office Government Security Group.
Note: Staff working for the UKSV are professional and 'culturally' sensitive. Their website contains further details about the new vetting charter and what personal information they hold.
Staff at the UKSV would need to ask for some personal information about any individual being vetted for a role that has inherent security risks.
Doing so helps to ensure that anyone can apply for a security related role and try to get clearance. This applies no matter what the current circumstances are - or the background.
When the UKSV delivers security vetting, they gather data with respect, and in a way that is proportionate and sensitive.
Even so, the applicant would need to provide information about their:
Note: The interview would involve questions about any criminal convictions (as well as your life experiences and financial situation for higher levels of clearance).
The information that UKSV vetting pinpoints, helps the staff identify certain types of risk areas (e.g. relating to the actual clearance for which you are applying).
So, the answers that you provide are not going to be right or wrong. The security vetting process does not make any specific judgements about the applicant's lifestyle and circumstances.
The level of clearance that the work role is going to require will determine exactly what they need to understand about you, such as:
Important: The main purpose of security vetting is to ask about, and explore, reasonable and relevant topics from a security perspective. Furthermore, reserving posts for United Kingdom nationals is not commonplace - according to equality laws and workplace discrimination.
Note: The short video explains how security vetting examines a person's private life and background to ensure they can be safely trusted to learn secret information or hold certain job roles.
How Security Vetting Works in the United Kingdom