The UK Rules
Annual Test for Lorries, Buses, and Trailers

Annual Vehicle Test: Lorry MOT Check

DVSA staff will conduct the testing for a lorry, bus, or a trailer. They use the 'annual vehicle test' for lorries, buses, and trailers instead of a standard MOT check.

ANNUAL TEST: Unlike a car MOT it is a type of lorry MOT check used for:

Note: The 'Declaration of exemption from goods vehicle testing V112G' lists those that are exempt from the annual test. But, in some cases you may still need to get an MOT for the vehicle.

Annual Test for Lorries

Annual testing for lorries, buses, and coaches means they must get tested each year. The first test takes place 12 months after the vehicle was first registered with the DVLA. Trailers get tested one year after they first got sold or supplied.

The test gets carried out at one of two places. It can be a Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency test station or it can be a 'privately' owned Authorised Testing Facility. DVSA staff will carry out the annual test at both places and according to the same test standards.

Note: Haulage contractors with lorries, buses, and coaches often get a vehicle checked by a qualified mechanic before the test. It can be a prudent way to prepare for the DVSA annual vehicle test.

Booking the Annual Vehicle Test

You should book a test at an Authorised Test Facility or at a Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency test station.

Lorry Annual Test Fees

There is a range of fees for vehicle testing and it depends most on the size and type of the vehicle. But, you can check the cost by downloading:

Note: Fees for the annual test (MOT) for lorries, buses, and trailers may differ in Northern Ireland.

Documents for the Test Station

You will need to take some documentation to the testing station including:

Note: In most cases, you will get asked to drive your own vehicle during the test.

Annual Tests for Horseboxes

The test centre will want to check the braking system on a horsebox. Thus, use some heavy items to load up the horsebox before the test. You can use things like bags of fertiliser, horse feed, or bales of straw.

Note: Inform the testing station if you made any changes to the horsebox since its last test. Further guidance is available for horsebox and trailer owners.

Minor Repairs at the Test Station

The test inspector might ask you to make some minor repairs to the vehicle. They may allow you to make some minor repairs at the test centre. But, only if the repairs are safe, quick to carry out, and do not delay the testing of any other vehicles.

Note: Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency staff only examine vehicles for annual tests. They cannot provide tools, materials, or mechanical information to help with vehicle repairs.

Failing the Annual Vehicle Test

You must take your vehicle away from the testing centre if it fails the annual test. This is your opportunity to get the faults fixed.

The process differs to standard MOT rules and regulations for cars and motorbikes. As a rule, most test centres will not have the facility to repair the vehicle. Thus, you must get it repaired yourself and then book another test. You will also need to pay the retest fee.

Major Faults

The inspector will not allow a vehicle on the road if he finds any major or serious faults. In some isolated cases, they may allow you to make on-site emergency repairs before the retest.

Annual Test Result Appeals

You can make an appeal if you disagree with the annual test result. The test inspector can give you further details of the appeals process. But, you must submit an appeal form within fourteen (14) days of the test. You will need to use:

Fill in the relevant appeal form and send it to the address written on the document. In some cases, it will need to go to the same test station. There is a fee to make an annual vehicle test appeal.

Annual Test for Lorries, Buses, and Trailers in the United Kingdom