The information in this section explains everything you need to know about CBT motorcycle and moped training in the United Kingdom.
Find out when you need to take compulsory basic training, how to book a course in your local area, and how each of the five different parts of CBT courses work.
In fact, compulsory basic training (CBT) is not a test (e.g. you do not pass or fail). It is a course that most riders need to take before riding a moped or a motorcycle on public roads and highways.
So, what is the purpose of the training? It helps to make sure riders can ride by themselves in a safe manner so they can continue practising for the full moped or motorcycle test.
Put another way:
Upon completion of your compulsory basic training, you will automatically have the entitlement to ride:
You must be using 'L' plates to show you are a learner (L or D plates in Wales). You would need to take the CBT again, or stop riding on the roads, unless you pass the full moped or motorcycle test within two (2) years.
Riding a motorbike without a valid CBT certificate can result in six (6) penalty points and a £1,000 fine.
Learning to Ride Tips: Browse through a list of rules and regulations in the United Kingdom for further advice and help guides.
Motorcycle training schools help beginners learn how to ride a motorcycle or moped. You can search online to find a motorcycle or moped CBT course near to where you live.
The cost of CBT test varies because each training school sets out their own course price. As a general rule, the area that you do the training, and whether you use your own moped or motorcycle, will determine the final cost.
Note: You may need to create a licence 'check code' to share your driving record with the training school before the course.
A trainer will conduct the compulsory basic training course in a controlled environment (e.g. a circuit). But, they will stop the training if you lack sufficient knowledge of The UK Highway Code and road traffic signs to ride in a safe manner.
The new online motorcycle training - called Ride Free - is a course that you will need to complete before taking the moped or motorcycle compulsory basic training (CBT).
You will need to know:
You can buy the 'Official DVSA Guide to Learning to Ride' book online or from reputable book shops to help you prepare.
Note: The motorcycle training school may charge you again to retake the course if your trainer stops the training due to your lack of preparation.
You will need to take your United Kingdom driving licence to the compulsory basic training course.
Note: Failing to wear suitable clothing means they may stop your course and charge you to take it again.
You would need a valid compulsory basic training certificate to ride your own vehicle on the roads to get to the course. An example would be to retake the CBT before the expiration of a current certificate.
Note: The short video [1:29 seconds] is the Official DVSA guide to compulsory basic training (CBT) for 50cc mopeds and motorcycles.
Learners should allow one full day to complete the compulsory basic training course (even though it may take longer for some riders).
The five (5) elements of the CBT approved training are:
Note: The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) produce extra guidance notes that explain how the CBT course syllabus works.
In short, the trainer will only allow you to move from one part onto the next when they are satisfied that you:
The part designated for on-road training preparation part must last for a period of at least two (2) hours. See the section below explaining how to complain to the DVSA if your trainer cuts it short.
It is not uncommon to train with other learner riders. But, CBT rules allow a maximum number of:
You can also complain to the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) if your group has more learners than the standard allows.
You will get a 'certificate of completion' (also called a DL196) if you complete the CBT course successfully.
It also means you can ride a moped or a motorcycle up to 125cc and with a power output of up to 11kW on the road. Keep in mind that you would still need to display L plates (L or D plates in Wales).
Having a car licence means you may be able to ride a moped (up to 50cc) without L plates and without having to take the moped test.
In this case, you would get a full moped licence if (either):
You can then ride a moped (up to 50cc) without L plates and you would not need to take the full moped test (for as long as your car driving licence stays valid).
In this case, you would be able to ride a moped (up to 50cc) without L plates and there would be no need to take a CBT course (or the full moped test). But, you would need to take the CBT to ride anything with a bigger engine than a 50cc moped.
Note: The main section expands on the current rules for riding a motorcycle, moped, or motor tricycle in the United Kingdom
You must take compulsory basic training (CBT) to ride bikes in:
Note: All of the other GB offshore islands are exempt from this ruling.
You can complain about the service that the motorcycle training school provided to you. A good place to start is the Citizens Advice consumer helpline if you paid a person or a business to carry out a service.
The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) is the right place to contact if you are unhappy with the standard of training that you received.
DVSA CBT Team
Email: [email protected]
Telephone: 0115 936 6547
Monday to Friday: 9am to 5pm
Find out about call charges.
Typical grounds for making a complaint include:
The basic information that they will want from you will be the:
The same training school that conducted your CBT course will be able to provide you with a replacement motorcycle compulsory basic training (CBT) certificate. They may charge £20 for replacing it.
You should contact the DVSA CBT team (details above) if you are unable to find the same school that you attended. You will need to give them:
Note: You must inform the police if someone steals your CBT certificate. There is a specific phone number for reporting non-emergencies to the police.
CBT Motorcycle and Moped Training in United Kingdom