An export health certificate (EHC) allows you to export or transport processed food and drink (including products that contain POAO), as well as fruit, vegetables, and plants used for food.
This help guide is for businesses in Great Britain that export food, drink, and agricultural products to (or through) Northern Ireland, the European Union, or countries outside the EU.
Products of animal origin (POAO) consumed by humans, include:
Note: The importer may have extra information about shipping food, drink, and agricultural products out of the United Kingdom. If not, another section has suggestions for researching export markets and how to search for new overseas customers.
You may need to get another kind of export certification when moving them to certain countries. The food safety team may have further advice if the manufacturing of the product took place in Great Britain.
The ban on supplying luxury goods to anyone in Syria or Democratic People's Republic of Korea, whether directly or indirectly, means you must not move caviar (including caviar substitutes), truffles (or foodstuff that contains truffles) to those countries.
As a rule, if processed food and drink contains POAO, exporters need to get an export health certificate (EHC) to ship or move it to Northern Ireland, the European Union, or to any non-EU countries.
If you are exporting processed food and drink to countries outside of the EU, you may need to get a certificate of free sale. Contact the food authority in the relevant country for further information.
Exporting soft drinks with added sugar means you would most likely need to register for the Soft Drinks Industry Levy. Following that, you would be able to claim a credit for the levy paid on any exported drinks.
Important: The main section contains more advice and information about exporting goods and doing business from Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) and Northern Ireland.
Having a valid export health certificate (EHC) is a legal requirement when:
Traders do not get charged for inspections and certifications when moving agrifood goods from Great Britain (i.e. England, Wales, and Scotland) to Northern Ireland. Instead, the certifier can invoice the government to reclaim the costs through the Movement Assistance Scheme.
Other regulations for exporting or moving food, drink, and agricultural products, include:
Note: There rules differ when exporting (or moving) animal feed or pet food, or live fish for human consumption from the United Kingdom. Defra has more information about exporting composite food products to the European Union.
Establishments in Great Britain that export ABP products to the EU (directly) or supply other establishments in the United Kingdom that export to the EU, will need to be listed with the European Union.
As a rule, you can speed up the process at the borders by using a logistics hub. Thus, when shipping products of animal origin, most logistics hubs will be able to:
Food and drink products need to accompany valid supporting documentation so the certifying officer can verify it at the logistics hub.
Thus, exporting meat means you may need to have evidence from the slaughterhouse (or cutting plant) showing the geographical origin of the animal, for example. You can get more information by sending an email to Defra [firstname.lastname@example.org].
The European Union place certain prohibitions and restriction on the importation of some goods, including:
The EU also prohibits the re-exportation of certain animal and animal products, such as:
Until the 30th of September 2021, the movement of some prohibited and restricted meat products can continue to Northern Ireland when transported from Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales), including:
Some of the conditions that exist include making sure meat products:
Note: The main section explains how to move products from Great Britain and Northern Ireland to other countries outside of the UK and the EU.
UK Rules for Exporting Food, Drink, and Agricultural Products