There has been a steady rise in mental health problems for programme participants, and some deaths, according to Ofcom, the broadcasting regulator in the United Kingdom.
As a result, new rules unveiled by Ofcom means broadcasters need to protect the wellbeing of people who take part in television shows and radio programmes.
The strict rules that already exist for TV channels provide some protection for program participants - especially those under 18.
Nevertheless, there has been growing openness and increased concerns about mental health issues and wellbeing.
Ofcom admitted that the increase in complaints about participant welfare was the main driver behind a review of existing safeguards.
Note: The original review took place in July 2019. The outcome proposed the addition of two new rules to the Broadcasting Code.
Despite excluding drama, sitcoms, and soaps (e.g. operatic drama), the new safeguards address a multitude of television and radio shows, including:
Introducing new rules to protect people taking part in TV and radios shows requires different levels of care. It will depend on the actual person, the format of the programme, and how the participant is going to interact during the broadcast.
Ofcom's primary proposals for further protections and safeguards, include:
Note: Ofcom acknowledged strong public interest in this kind of representation. Hence, the new rules should not make programmes less likely to feature people with vulnerabilities.
Certain rules and safeguards already exist to help protect people taking part in TV shows and radio programmes, including:
Following an in depth consultation, the aim of the new guidance is to help TV and radio broadcasters interpret, and then apply, the new regulations.
Even though most TV channels take good care of participants before, during, and after their productions. Further safeguards may place a bigger consideration on certain aspects (e.g. using lie detectors).
Simply put, any amendments to the existing rules should ensure that there is a consistent standard of care applied to people who take part in television and radio programmes.
The Director of Content Standards at the Office of Communications (Ofcom) commented further about the new rules and proposals. He said:
People who participate in TV shows and radio programmes expect to be properly looked after. Thus, new rules and stricter shielding help to ensure that it happens.
These new safeguards need to be effective. That is why we listen carefully to programme participants, broadcasters, producers, as well as psychologists.
Introducing stronger protections for participants of programmes received broad support from stakeholders. As a result, amendments to Section Seven of the Code should go ahead.
Furthermore, the introduction of two new Practices also helps to ensure broadcasters protect participants if they may be at risk of significant harm.
Note: The short video clip from Love Island UK shows glamorous singles living in a beautiful villa - under the watchful gaze of a TV viewing audience at home.
UK Rules for Broadcasters of TV and Radio Shows